Volume 155, Issue 4, April 1996, Pages 1439–1443

Investigative Urology

Desensitization of Muscarinic Receptor-Coupled Inositol Phospholipid Hydrolysis in Human Detrusor Cultured Smooth Muscle Cells

  • Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Queen's Medical Centre, and the Department of Urology, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate the desensitization characteristics of muscarinic M3 receptors in primary cultures of human detrusor smooth muscle cells.

Materials and Methods

Cell cultures were prepared from cold cup pinch biopsies of the human detrusor muscle by explant culture methods. Accumulation of3 H-inositol phosphates was measured on confluent monolayers as described previously in detail. Desensitization was achieved by preincubating the cells with carbachol or histamine for 5 to 60 minutes.

Results

Carbachol induced a concentration-dependent increase in phosphoinositide turnover in naive cells, the response being rapid and evident after only a 30-second exposure to the agonist. Preincubation of the cells with carbachol produced a concentration-dependent decrease in the inositol phosphate response to a second challenge with carbachol. Preexposure to carbachol for only 5 minutes prior to a rechallenge reduced the mean size of response of the second stimulation to 49 percent of that observed in naive cells. Preexposure of the cells to histamine did not alter the response of the cells to a subsequent challenge with carbachol and vice versa.

Conclusions

The muscarinic receptors retained by human detrusor smooth muscle cells in culture are susceptible to a desensitization of the carbachol-induced increase in phosphoinositide turnover observed in these cells. This desensitization is rapid, and the results indicate that it is homologous and does not occur via a postreceptor mechanism but at the level of the receptor itself.

Requests for reprints: Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Queen's Medical Centre, Clifton Boulevard, Nottingham NG7 2UH, United Kingdom