Transformation and tumorigenicity testing of simian cell lines and evaluation of poliovirus replication

Dotti, Silvia, Lombardo, Tina, Villa, Riccardo, Cacciamali, Andrea, Zanotti, Cinzia, Andreani, Nadia, Cinotti, Stefano and Ferrari, Maura (2017) Transformation and tumorigenicity testing of simian cell lines and evaluation of poliovirus replication. PLoS ONE, 12 (1). e0169391. ISSN 1932-6203

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169391

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Abstract

The key role of cell cultures in different scientific fields is worldwide recognized, both as in vitro research models alternative to laboratory animals and substrates for biological production. However, many safety concerns rise from the use of animal/human cell lines that may be tumorigenic, leading to potential adverse contaminations in cell-derived biologicals. In order to evaluate the suitability of 13 different cell lines for Poliovirus vaccine production, safety and quality, in vitro/in vivo tumorigenicity and Poliovirus propagation properties were evaluated.
Our results revealed that non-human primate cell lines CYNOM-K1, FRhK-4, 4MBr-5 and 4647 are free of tumorigenic features and represent highly susceptible substrates for attenuated Sabin Poliovirus strains. In particular, FRhK-4 and 4647 cell lines are characterized by a higher in vitro replication, resulting indicated for the use in large-scale production field.

Keywords:poliovirus, cell substrates
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C130 Cell Biology
C Biological Sciences > C910 Applied Biological Sciences
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:27501
Deposited On:16 May 2017 13:00

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