Development of a new assessment tool for cervical myelopathy using hand-tracking sensor: Part 1: validity and reliability

Alagha, M. Abdulhadi, Alagha, Mahmoud A., Dunstan, Eleanor, Sperwer, Olaf, Timmins, Kate A. and Boszczyk, Bronek M. (2017) Development of a new assessment tool for cervical myelopathy using hand-tracking sensor: Part 1: validity and reliability. European Spine Journal, 26 (4). pp. 1291-1297. ISSN 0940-6719

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-4948-3

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Abstract

Purpose To assess the reliability and validity of a hand motion sensor, Leap Motion Controller (LMC), in the 15-s hand grip-and-release test, as compared against human inspection of an external digital camera recording.
Methods Fifty healthy participants were asked to fully grip-and-release their dominant hand as rapidly as possible for two trials with a 10-min rest in-between, while wearing a non-metal wrist splint. Each test lasted for 15 s, and a digital camera was used to film the anterolateral side of the hand on the first test. Three assessors counted the frequency of grip-and-release (G-R) cycles independently and in a blinded fashion. The average mean of the three was compared with that measured by LMC using the Bland–Altman method. Test–retest reliability was examined by comparing the two 15-s tests.
Results The mean number of G-R cycles recorded was: 47.8 ± 6.4 (test 1, video observer); 47.7 ± 6.5 (test 1, LMC); and 50.2 ± 6.5 (test 2, LMC). Bland–Altman indicated good agreement, with a low bias (0.15 cycles) and narrow limits of agreement. The ICC showed high inter-rater agreement and the coefficient of repeatability for the number of cycles was ±5.393, with a mean bias of 3.63.
Conclusions LMC appears to be valid and reliable in the 15-s grip-and-release test. This serves as a first step towards the development of an objective myelopathy assessment device and platform for the assessment of neuromotor hand function in general. Further assessment in a clinical setting and to gauge healthy benchmark values is
warranted.

Keywords:Cervical myelopathy, Virtual reality, LEAP Motion, Grip and release test, Reliability, validity
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G490 Computing Science not elsewhere classified
A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
ID Code:25869
Deposited On:25 Jan 2017 15:33

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