The effects of mindfulness training on beginners’ skill acquisition in dart throwing: a randomized controlled trial

Zhang, Chun-Qing, Si, Gangyan, Duan, Yanping , Lyu, Yaojun, Keatley, David A. and Chan, Derwin K. C. (2016) The effects of mindfulness training on beginners’ skill acquisition in dart throwing: a randomized controlled trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 22 . pp. 279-285. ISSN 1469-0292

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The effects of mindfulness training on beginners’ skill acquisition in dart throwing: A randomized controlled trial
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Abstract

Objectives
The present study was into whether or not mindfulness training, based on the mindfulness-acceptance-commitment approach (MAC), can improve beginners’ skill acquisition of dart throwing.

Design
Randomised controlled trial.

Methods
A total of 43 first-year college students who had not played darts professionally prior to the study were randomly assigned to either an attention control group (n = 21) or a mindfulness training group (n = 22) during an eight-week dart training program. Dart throwing and psychological variables were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and two-week follow-up.

Results
Two-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that the mindfulness group, but not the attention control group had significant improvements in mindfulness, experiential acceptance, and flow at post-intervention and follow-up. Although both groups improved dart throwing performance after the intervention, the improvement of the mindfulness group was statistically higher in comparison to that of the attention control group.

Conclusions
It was concluded that the MAC approach could improve the performance and adaptive sport experience of beginners in dart throwing.

Keywords:Experiential acceptance, Flow, Mindfulness intervention, Motor skill learning, sport performance, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:18704
Deposited On:18 Sep 2015 09:10

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