Personality traits in pathological gambling: sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competetiveness

Parke, Adrian and Griffiths, Mark and Irwing, Paul (2004) Personality traits in pathological gambling: sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competetiveness. Addiction Research and Theory, 12 (3). pp. 201-212. ISSN 1606-6359

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1606635310001634500

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Abstract

To date, research into personality traits among gamblers has been largely inconsistent. The purpose of this
study was to assess the predictive values of three personality traits on pathological gambling (sensation seeking,
deferment of gratification and competitiveness) – two of which (deferment of gratification and competitiveness)
have never been investigated before. A questionnaire was administered to 114 gamblers of whom
38% were classified as pathological gamblers according to the DSM-IV criteria. The questionnaire included
the Sensation Seeking Scale (Zuckerman, M. (1984). Sensation seeking: a comparative approach to a human
trait. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 7, 413–471.), the Deferment of Gratification Scale (Ray, J.J. and
Najman, J. (1986). The generalisability of deferment of gratification. Journal of Social Psychology, 126,
117–119.) and the Gambling Competitiveness Scale constructed by the authors specifically for this study.
Results showed that competitiveness had a strong positive predictive value for pathological gambling,
and that deferment of gratification had relatively strong negative predictive value. Sensation seeking was
shown not to be a significant predictor of pathological gambling. This is the first ever study to show empirically
that competitiveness and deferment of gratification appear to be important risk factors in pathological
gambling.

Keywords:Deferment of gratification, Competitiveness, Pathological Gambling
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:9846
Deposited On:20 Jun 2013 11:16

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