The mercury resistance operon of the IncJ plasmid pMERPH exhibits structural and regulatory divergence from other Gram-negative mer operons

Osborn, A. M. and Bruce, K. D. and Ritchie, D. A. and Strike, P. (1996) The mercury resistance operon of the IncJ plasmid pMERPH exhibits structural and regulatory divergence from other Gram-negative mer operons. Microbiology, 142 (2). pp. 337-345. ISSN 1350-0872

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The bacterial mercury resistance determinant carried on the IncJ plasmid pMERPH has been characterized further by DNA sequence analysis. From the sequence of a 4097 bp BglII fragment which confers mercury resistance, it is predicted that the determinant consists of the genes merT, merP, merC and merA. The level of DNA sequence similarity between these genes and those of the mer determinant of Tn21 was between 56.4 and 62.4. A neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of merA gene sequences was constructed which suggested that pMERPH bears the most divergent Gram-negative mer determinant characterized to date. Although the determinant from pMERPH has been shown to be inducible, no regulatory genes have been found within the BglII fragment and it is suggested that a regulatory gene may be located elsewhere on the plasmid. The cloned determinant has been shown to express mercury resistance constitutively. Analysis of the pMERPH mer operator/promoter (O/P) region in vivo has shown constitutive expression from the mer P(TCPA) promoter, which could be partially repressed by the presence of a trans-acting MerR protein from a Tn21-like mer determinant. This incomplete repression of mer P(TCPA) promoter activity may be due to the presence of an extra base between the -35 and -10 sequences of the promoter and/or to variation in the MerR binding sites in the O/P region. Expression from the partially repressed mer P(TCPA) promoter could be restored by the addition of inducing levels of Hg2+ ions. Using the polymerase chain reaction with primers designed to amplify regions in the merP and merA genes, 1.37 kb pMERPH-like sequences have been amplified from the IncJ plasmid R391, the environmental isolate SE2 and from DNA isolated directly from non-cultivated bacteria in River Mersey sediment. This suggests that pMERPH-like sequences, although rare, are nevertheless persistent in natural environments.

Keywords:mercury, plasmid dna, trans acting factor, article, bacterial gene, bacterial metabolism, dna sequence, gene expression, gene expression regulation, gram negative bacterium, metal metabolism, molecular cloning, nonhuman, operon, phylogeny, plasmid, polymerase chain reaction, priority journal, promoter region, sequence homology, Amino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, Chromosome Mapping, Cloning, Molecular, DNA, Bacterial, Drug Resistance, Microbial, Evolution, Gene Amplification, Genes, Bacterial, Genes, Regulator, Gram-Negative Bacteria, Molecular Sequence Data, Plasmids, Bacteria (microorganisms), Negibacteria
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C180 Ecology
C Biological Sciences > C500 Microbiology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:8975
Deposited On:22 Apr 2013 12:33

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