Diversity amongst Bacillus merA genes amplified from mercury resistant isolates and directly from mercury polluted soil

Hart, Mark C. and Elliott, Geoff N. and Osborn, A. Mark and Ritchie, Donald A. and Strike, Peter (1998) Diversity amongst Bacillus merA genes amplified from mercury resistant isolates and directly from mercury polluted soil. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 27 (1). pp. 73-84. ISSN 0168-6496

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-6496(98)00058-0

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Mercury resistant (Hg(R)) Bacillus were isolated from soil at a mercury contaminated site on the banks of the River Mersey, in Northwest England. The frequency of Hg(R) bacteria in the culturable Bacillus population in soil samples ranged from 4.4 to 5.4. No Hg(R) Bacillus could be isolated from a sediment sample taken close to the contaminated soil sample in 1994. DNA sequences homologous to a merA probe from the Hg(R) isolate Bacillus sp. strain RC607 were found to be chromosomally located in 98 of the Hg(R) Bacillus isolates from the soil site. Oligonucleotide primers designed to the merA gene of RC607 were used to amplify the sequences present in the isolates, and also merA determinants present in bacterial DNA directly extracted from soil. Classification of cultured Bacillus merA products and of 40 merA determinants amplified directly from extracted soil bacterial DNA was based on restriction fragment length polymorphism patterns. This technique revealed a total of 22 classes of amplification products. Unweighted paired group mean analysis was used to examine the relationships between these classes and indicated the presence of microsites in Fiddlers Ferry soil containing distinct Hg(R) populations. API identification of the Hg(R) Bacillus isolates revealed that diversity of merA between these microsites is not simply due to the divergent evolution of differing Bacillus species. Lack of a more substantial class correlation between cultured samples taken at different times indicated significant temporal variation in the genetic composition of Bacillus merA in soil. Copyright (C) 1998 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.

Keywords:mercury, article, Bacillus, biodiversity, controlled study, DNA sequence, genetic variability, nonhuman, priority journal, restriction fragment length polymorphism, soil microflora, soil pollution, Bacillus sp., Bacteria (microorganisms)
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C180 Ecology
C Biological Sciences > C500 Microbiology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:8971
Deposited On:06 May 2013 18:39

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