Terrorism and cyber attacks as hybrid threats: defining a comprehensive approach for countering 21st century threats to global risk and security

Bachmann, Sascha and Gunneriusson, Hakan (2015) Terrorism and cyber attacks as hybrid threats: defining a comprehensive approach for countering 21st century threats to global risk and security. In: The changing international landscape of transitional justice: emerging trends and issues. Springer. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

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Abstract

Multimodal, low intensity, kinetic as well as non-kinetic threats to international peace and security including cyber war, low intensity asymmetric conflict scenarios, global terrorism, piracy, transnational organized crime, demographic challenges, resources security, retrenchment from globalization and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction were identified by NATO as so called "Hybrid Threats" (cf BI-SC Input for a New NATO Capstone Concept for The Military Contribution to Countering Hybrid Enclosure 1 to 1500/CPPCAM/FCR/10-270038 and 5000 FXX/0100/TT-0651/SER: NU0040, dated 25 August 2010). This submission aims to introduce the audience to this form of security threat with a particular focus on "cyber" terrorism and war. This new form of conflict in the fifth dimension has a truly hybrid risk potential and warrants a new holistic counter approach: from law enforcement, counter cyber strategies to kinetic responses. The authors will present the findings of an ongoing Hybrid Threat experiment, which is being undertaken at the Swedish Defence College, with a focus on the role of cyber attacks within the wider context of asymmetric conflict and how the existing legal framework governing the use of force and the law applicable to hostilities does not necessarily reflect on this new form of threat.

Keywords:Terrorism, Cyber Terrorism, cyber war, international law, Law of Armed Conflict, NATO
Subjects:L Social studies > L240 International Politics
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V391 Military History
M Law > M130 Public International Law
Divisions:College of Social Science > Lincoln Law School
ID Code:8931
Deposited On:19 Apr 2013 09:10

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