Severe hypoglycaemia requiring emergency medical assistance by ambulance services in the East Midlands: a retrospective study

Khunti, Kamlesh and Fisher, Harriet and Paul, Sanjoy and Iqbal, Mohammad and Davies, Melanie J. and Siriwardena, A. Niroshan (2013) Severe hypoglycaemia requiring emergency medical assistance by ambulance services in the East Midlands: a retrospective study. Primary Care Diabetes, 7 (3). pp. 159-165. ISSN 1751-9918

Full content URL: http://www.primary-care-diabetes.com/article/S1751...

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Severe hypoglycaemia requiring emergency medical assistance by ambulance services in the East Midlands: A retrospective study

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Abstract

Aims: To report the characteristics and treatment of individuals requiring emergency ambulance services for severe hypoglycaemia and estimate associated provider costs.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of routinely collected data collected by the East Midlands Ambulance Trust, UK, of episodes of severe hypoglycaemia attended by emergency ambulance services during a four-month period. Standard clinical measures, response time, on-site treatment and transportation were recorded and ambulance services costs calculated.
Results: 90,435 emergency calls were recorded, 523 (0.6%) for severe hypoglycaemia, equating to an incidence of to 2.76 per 100 patient years; 74% of individuals were insulin-treated, 28% of events occurred nocturnally (00:00–07:59), and 32% were transported to hospital. Higher respiratory rate was a positive predictor (p = 0.03), whereas higher post treatment blood glucose (p = 0.05) and insulin treatment (p < 0.01) were negative predictors of trans-
port to hospital. Median treatment costs for individuals transported and not transported to hospital were £92 and £176 respectively.
Conclusions: Most cases of severe hypoglycaemia requiring assistance from emergency ambulance services are successfully treated at the scene. Individuals not responding to treatment or were non insulin-treated were more likely to be transported to hospital. Further studies are needed to evaluate the effect of prehospital ambulance care by treatment and diabetes type on subsequent outcomes.

Keywords:Emergency Medical Systems, ambulance services, hypoglycaemia, diabetes mellitus, cost analysis, cross sectional study, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, treatment
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B990 Subjects Allied to Medicine not elsewhere classified
A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
ID Code:7577
Deposited On:20 Feb 2013 14:48

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