Targeted killings: contemporary challenges, risks and opportunities

Bachmann, Sascha (2013) Targeted killings: contemporary challenges, risks and opportunities. Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 18 (2). pp. 259-288. ISSN 1467-7954

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jcsl/krt007

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TARGETED KILLINGS: CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES, RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES

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Abstract

The use of drones and other forms of targeted killings are being increasingly criticized at the international and domestic level. Before the backdrop of the most recent news that the United Nations has launched an inquiry into the overall legality of such a method of warfare and counter-terrorism and its associated loss of civilian life, this article aims to give an overview on targeted killings as a means of warfare. The article asks what constitutes targeted killing and what distinguishes it from assassinations. It reflects on the safeguards, which are necessary to ensure the legality of the targeting process. This article further introduces the reader to an updated account of the use of Unmanned Combat Aircraft Systems, or ‘drones’, in targeted killings, employed as a means of warfare by the US in its ‘War on Terror’. The US drone campaign in Pakistan also raises questions in respect to State Sovereignty and potential violations of this central tenet of International Law. The article will also touch upon another field of global security, so called ‘Hybrid Threats’, where the use of targeted killing may have an operational military benefit as part of a holistic counterstrategy. It concludes with a sobering warning that while targeted killing operations may be an effective means of achieving short term tactical goals within the scope of a wider operational objective, the unregulated and increased use of targeting killings by the US in the ‘War on Terror’ would be both immoral as well as illegal in the long run.

Additional Information:First published online May 31st 2013
Keywords:Targeted killing as means of warfare, targeted killing and assassinations, Unmanned combat aircraft systems on the battlefield, Hybrid and asymmetric threats, Legality of targeted killing, Morality and efficiency of drone strikes, Impact
Subjects:M Law > M130 Public International Law
Divisions:College of Social Science > Lincoln Law School
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ID Code:7385
Deposited On:04 Feb 2013 10:39

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