Chinese perspectives on the Iran Crisis at the 1946 London Peace Conference: Ambassador Fu Bingchang’s diary

Foo, Yee-Wah (2013) Chinese perspectives on the Iran Crisis at the 1946 London Peace Conference: Ambassador Fu Bingchang’s diary. In: Second Egyptian Chinese Forum, February, 2013, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Arab Republic of Egypt. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

On 21 December 1945, General Chiang Kaishek authorised Fu Bingchang, his ambassador in Moscow, to attend the forthcoming 1946 UN Peace Conference in London. Two weeks later when Fu told Stalin that he was to attend the conference, Stalin replied that Fu should liaise with his leading delegate, A.J. Vyshinsky – and stated that if the Chinese delegates cooperated with Vyshinsky it would be advantageous for both countries. Keen to keep Soviet support for his government on the eve of China’s civil war (and the emerging Cold War) Fu took Stalin’s advice seriously. But when Iran filed a complaint to the UN accusing the Soviets of continuing their troop presence in Iran as an excuse to meddle in Iran’s internal affairs, the Chinese delegation split. Using new and previously unseen records this paper uncovers, from a Chinese perspective, behind-the-scenes negotiating between the US, Soviet and Chinese delegates concerning Iran’s situation at the first UN Peace Conference. This conflict would prove to be one of the first episodes of the Cold War.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:On 21 December 1945, General Chiang Kaishek authorised Fu Bingchang, his ambassador in Moscow, to attend the forthcoming 1946 UN Peace Conference in London. Two weeks later when Fu told Stalin that he was to attend the conference, Stalin replied that Fu should liaise with his leading delegate, A.J. Vyshinsky – and stated that if the Chinese delegates cooperated with Vyshinsky it would be advantageous for both countries. Keen to keep Soviet support for his government on the eve of China’s civil war (and the emerging Cold War) Fu took Stalin’s advice seriously. But when Iran filed a complaint to the UN accusing the Soviets of continuing their troop presence in Iran as an excuse to meddle in Iran’s internal affairs, the Chinese delegation split. Using new and previously unseen records this paper uncovers, from a Chinese perspective, behind-the-scenes negotiating between the US, Soviet and Chinese delegates concerning Iran’s situation at the first UN Peace Conference. This conflict would prove to be one of the first episodes of the Cold War.
Keywords:Fu Bingchang, Foo Pingsheung, Iran Crisis, First London Peace Conference, 1946 London Peace Conference, Cold War, Chinese-Soviet relations, Republic, Chiang Kaishek, Jiang Jieshi
Subjects:V Historical and Philosophical studies > V241 Chinese History
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:6848
Deposited By: Yee-Wah Foo
Deposited On:16 Nov 2012 12:51
Last Modified:16 Nov 2012 12:51

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