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Couple similarity and marital satisfaction: are similar spouses happier?

Gaunt, Ruth (2006) Couple similarity and marital satisfaction: are similar spouses happier? Journal of Personality, 74 (5). pp. 1401-1420. ISSN 0022-3506

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00414.x

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Abstract

This study examined the role of couple similarity in spouses’ marital satisfaction and affect. The associations between spousal similarity and relationship measures were examined in a sample of 248 married couples. As hypothesized, greater similarity between partners was associated with higher levels of marital satisfaction, and lower levels of negative affect. In particular, similarity on the gendered personality and values domains was more strongly associated with relationship measures, whereas similarity on the attitudes and religiosity domains showed weaker and inconsistent patterns of associations. Finally, profile-based similarity tended to be a stronger and more consistent correlate of relationship measures than difference score-based similarity. The implications of these findings for processes underlying intimate relationships are discussed.

Additional Information:This study examined the role of couple similarity in spouses’ marital satisfaction and affect. The associations between spousal similarity and relationship measures were examined in a sample of 248 married couples. As hypothesized, greater similarity between partners was associated with higher levels of marital satisfaction, and lower levels of negative affect. In particular, similarity on the gendered personality and values domains was more strongly associated with relationship measures, whereas similarity on the attitudes and religiosity domains showed weaker and inconsistent patterns of associations. Finally, profile-based similarity tended to be a stronger and more consistent correlate of relationship measures than difference score-based similarity. The implications of these findings for processes underlying intimate relationships are discussed.
Keywords:couple similarity, marital satisfaction, positive and negative affect
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:6398
Deposited On:02 Oct 2012 11:43

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