Exploring the division of household labor outside the family context: utilizing resources for doing gender

Gaunt, Ruth and Bouknik, Shalom (2012) Exploring the division of household labor outside the family context: utilizing resources for doing gender. Community, Work & Family, 15 (2). pp. 189-208. ISSN 1366-8803

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13668803.2011.609658

Abstract

This study tests alternative theoretical models of the division of household labor within a non-familial context of men and women operating homes for autistic children and adults. This context makes it possible to disentangle overlapping hypotheses that stem from competing models. A sample of 128 staff members completed extensive questionnaires. The analyses yielded considerably different patterns of results for men and women. The results for the men provided support for the relative resources model, showing that men’s contributions to household labor decreased as their resources increased. The results for the women provided support for the human capital model, showing that women’s contributions increased as their resources increased. The gender construction approach may account for these gender differences in the determinants of involvement, suggesting that men and women utilize their resources for "doing gender".

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:This study tests alternative theoretical models of the division of household labor within a non-familial context of men and women operating homes for autistic children and adults. This context makes it possible to disentangle overlapping hypotheses that stem from competing models. A sample of 128 staff members completed extensive questionnaires. The analyses yielded considerably different patterns of results for men and women. The results for the men provided support for the relative resources model, showing that men’s contributions to household labor decreased as their resources increased. The results for the women provided support for the human capital model, showing that women’s contributions increased as their resources increased. The gender construction approach may account for these gender differences in the determinants of involvement, suggesting that men and women utilize their resources for "doing gender".
Keywords:child care, division of labor, household labor, housework
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:6391
Deposited By: Ruth Gaunt
Deposited On:01 Oct 2012 22:22
Last Modified:01 Oct 2012 22:22

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