Morphological diversity and biogeography of procolophonids (Amniota: Parareptilia)

Cisneros, Juan Carlos and Ruta, Marcello (2010) Morphological diversity and biogeography of procolophonids (Amniota: Parareptilia). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8 (4). pp. 607-625. ISSN 1477-2019

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1477201...

Abstract

A recent phylogenetic analysis of procolophonid parareptiles is used as the basis for a study of morphological diversity
(disparity) in these amniotes. Disparity values are compared in three groups of procolophonids (a paraphyletic series of
basal taxa and two monophyletic sister groups: procolophonines and leptopleuronines), two ecophenotypic assemblages
(one based upon inferred diet – non high-fibre versus high-fibre species; the other based upon cranial sculpture – non
horned versus horned species), and two temporal assemblages (Lower Triassic versusMiddle and Upper Triassic). The mean
disparity values are comparable in the case of temporal and ecophenotypic assemblages. High-fibre species are marginally
less disparate than non high-fibre species. The combined Middle and Upper Triassic species are slightly less disparate than
Lower Triassic species. Finally, horned species are only slightly more disparate than non-horned species. The paraphyletic
series of basal taxa and the leptopleuronines show similar disparity values, marginally higher than those for procolophonines.
Phylogenetic analysis is also used to reconstruct the biogeographical history of procolophonids. Both ancestral area analysis
and dispersal–vicariance analysis show that South Africa was the most likely ancestral area for procolophonids as a whole.
North China – either as a single area or in combination with Russia or South Africa – was the most likely ancestral area for
the leptopleuronine–procolophonine clade.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:A recent phylogenetic analysis of procolophonid parareptiles is used as the basis for a study of morphological diversity (disparity) in these amniotes. Disparity values are compared in three groups of procolophonids (a paraphyletic series of basal taxa and two monophyletic sister groups: procolophonines and leptopleuronines), two ecophenotypic assemblages (one based upon inferred diet – non high-fibre versus high-fibre species; the other based upon cranial sculpture – non horned versus horned species), and two temporal assemblages (Lower Triassic versusMiddle and Upper Triassic). The mean disparity values are comparable in the case of temporal and ecophenotypic assemblages. High-fibre species are marginally less disparate than non high-fibre species. The combined Middle and Upper Triassic species are slightly less disparate than Lower Triassic species. Finally, horned species are only slightly more disparate than non-horned species. The paraphyletic series of basal taxa and the leptopleuronines show similar disparity values, marginally higher than those for procolophonines. Phylogenetic analysis is also used to reconstruct the biogeographical history of procolophonids. Both ancestral area analysis and dispersal–vicariance analysis show that South Africa was the most likely ancestral area for procolophonids as a whole. North China – either as a single area or in combination with Russia or South Africa – was the most likely ancestral area for the leptopleuronine–procolophonine clade.
Keywords:Procolophonidae, morphospace, disparity, dispersal, ancestral area, phylogeny
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C300 Zoology
C Biological Sciences > C182 Evolution
F Physical Sciences > F641 Palaeontology
C Biological Sciences > C181 Biodiversity
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:6379
Deposited By: Marcello Ruta
Deposited On:01 Oct 2012 00:44
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 09:15

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