BMPR2 mutations have short lifetime expectancy in primary pulmonary hypertension

Sankelo, Marja and Flanagan, Julia A. and Machado, Rajiv and Harrison, Rachel and Rudarakanchana, Nung and Morrell, Nicholas and Dixon, Morag and Halme, Maija and Puolijoki, Hannu and Kere, Juha and Elomaa, Outi and Kupari, Markku and Räisänen-Sokolowski, Anne and Trembath, Richard C. and Laitinen, Tarja (2005) BMPR2 mutations have short lifetime expectancy in primary pulmonary hypertension. Human mutation, 26 (2). pp. 119-24. ISSN 1059-7794

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Abstract

In a nationwide study, we identified a total of 59 patients diagnosed with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) in Finland between the years 1987 and 1999. These data support a minimum estimate for a PPH population prevalence of 5.8 cases/million with an incidence of 0.2-1.3 cases/million/year. The male-to-female ratio among the patients was 1:4, while 7% (4/59) of the PPH probands had a known family history of the disorder. Familial or sporadic PPH showed no geographic clustering to any region of Finland. Sequencing of the coding regions and exon-intron boundaries of the bone morphogenetic protein receptor type 2 (BMPR2) identified heterozygous BMPR2 mutations in 12% (3/26) of the sporadic and 33% (1/3) of the familial patients. All four mutations were different, and two of those have been previously reported in other populations. Pathogenic defects in BMPR2 include a novel missense mutation (c.2696G>C encoding R899P), located within the receptor intracellular cytoplasmic domain whose function has been poorly characterized. Our analysis demonstrates that this mutant, while localizing to the cell surface, does not impact on SMAD-mediated (mothers against decapentaplegic homolog) intracellular signaling, but leads to constitutive activation of the p38(MAPK) pathway. The absence of a founder mutation in a genetically homogeneous population, such as the Finns, suggests that all identified BMPR2 mutations have to be rather young while the ancestral (if any) mutations have been lost either due to repetitive genetic bottlenecks or due to significant negative selection.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:In a nationwide study, we identified a total of 59 patients diagnosed with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) in Finland between the years 1987 and 1999. These data support a minimum estimate for a PPH population prevalence of 5.8 cases/million with an incidence of 0.2-1.3 cases/million/year. The male-to-female ratio among the patients was 1:4, while 7% (4/59) of the PPH probands had a known family history of the disorder. Familial or sporadic PPH showed no geographic clustering to any region of Finland. Sequencing of the coding regions and exon-intron boundaries of the bone morphogenetic protein receptor type 2 (BMPR2) identified heterozygous BMPR2 mutations in 12% (3/26) of the sporadic and 33% (1/3) of the familial patients. All four mutations were different, and two of those have been previously reported in other populations. Pathogenic defects in BMPR2 include a novel missense mutation (c.2696G>C encoding R899P), located within the receptor intracellular cytoplasmic domain whose function has been poorly characterized. Our analysis demonstrates that this mutant, while localizing to the cell surface, does not impact on SMAD-mediated (mothers against decapentaplegic homolog) intracellular signaling, but leads to constitutive activation of the p38(MAPK) pathway. The absence of a founder mutation in a genetically homogeneous population, such as the Finns, suggests that all identified BMPR2 mutations have to be rather young while the ancestral (if any) mutations have been lost either due to repetitive genetic bottlenecks or due to significant negative selection.
Keywords:Pulmonary arterial hypertension, BMPR2, Finland
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C431 Medical Genetics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:6322
Deposited By: Rajiv Machado
Deposited On:11 Oct 2012 06:14
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 09:15

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