How family 26 glycoside hydrolases orchestrate catalysis on different polysaccharides: structure and activity of a clostridium thermocellum lichenase, CtLic26A

Taylor, Edward and Goyal, Arun and Guerreiro, Catarina I. P. D. and Prates, Jose A. M. and Money, Victoria A. and Ferry, Natalie and Morland, Carl and Planas, Antoni and MacDonald, James A. and Stick, Robert V. and Gilbert, Harry J. and Fontes, Carlos M. G. A. and Davies, Gideon J. (2005) How family 26 glycoside hydrolases orchestrate catalysis on different polysaccharides: structure and activity of a clostridium thermocellum lichenase, CtLic26A. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280 (38). pp. 32761-32767. ISSN 0021-9258

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Full text URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M506580200

Abstract

ne of the most intriguing features of the 90 glycoside hydrolase families (GHs) is the range of specificities displayed by different members of the same family, whereas the catalytic apparatus and mechanism are often invariant. Family GH26 predominantly comprises beta-1,4 mannanases; however, a bifunctional Clostridium thermocellum GH26 member (hereafter CtLic26A) displays a markedly different specificity. We show that CtLic26A is a lichenase, specific for mixed (Glcbeta1,4Glcbeta1,4Glcbeta1,3)n oligo- and polysaccharides, and displays no activity on manno-configured substrates or beta-1,4-linked homopolymers of glucose or xylose. The three-dimensional structure of the native form of CtLic26A has been solved at 1.50-A resolution, revealing a characteristic (beta/alpha)8 barrel with Glu-109 and Glu-222 acting as the catalytic acid/base and nucleophile in a double-displacement mechanism. The complex with the competitive inhibitor, Glc-beta-1,3-isofagomine (Ki 1 microm), at 1.60 A sheds light on substrate recognition in the -2 and -1 subsites and illuminates why the enzyme is specific for lichenan-based substrates. Hydrolysis of beta-mannosides by GH26 members is thought to proceed through transition states in the B2,5 (boat) conformation in which structural distinction of glucosides versus mannosides reflects not the configuration at C2 but the recognition of the pseudoaxial O3 of the B2,5 conformation. We suggest a different conformational itinerary for the GH26 enzymes active on gluco-configured substrates.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:ne of the most intriguing features of the 90 glycoside hydrolase families (GHs) is the range of specificities displayed by different members of the same family, whereas the catalytic apparatus and mechanism are often invariant. Family GH26 predominantly comprises beta-1,4 mannanases; however, a bifunctional Clostridium thermocellum GH26 member (hereafter CtLic26A) displays a markedly different specificity. We show that CtLic26A is a lichenase, specific for mixed (Glcbeta1,4Glcbeta1,4Glcbeta1,3)n oligo- and polysaccharides, and displays no activity on manno-configured substrates or beta-1,4-linked homopolymers of glucose or xylose. The three-dimensional structure of the native form of CtLic26A has been solved at 1.50-A resolution, revealing a characteristic (beta/alpha)8 barrel with Glu-109 and Glu-222 acting as the catalytic acid/base and nucleophile in a double-displacement mechanism. The complex with the competitive inhibitor, Glc-beta-1,3-isofagomine (Ki 1 microm), at 1.60 A sheds light on substrate recognition in the -2 and -1 subsites and illuminates why the enzyme is specific for lichenan-based substrates. Hydrolysis of beta-mannosides by GH26 members is thought to proceed through transition states in the B2,5 (boat) conformation in which structural distinction of glucosides versus mannosides reflects not the configuration at C2 but the recognition of the pseudoaxial O3 of the B2,5 conformation. We suggest a different conformational itinerary for the GH26 enzymes active on gluco-configured substrates.
Keywords:Gh26, lichenase, double-displacement mechanism
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:6169
Deposited By: Edward Taylor
Deposited On:18 Sep 2012 12:17
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 09:13

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