The trade-off between taxi time and fuel consumption in airport ground movement

Ravizza, Stefan and Chen, Jun and Atkin, Jason A. D. and Burke, Edmund K. and Stewart, Paul (2012) The trade-off between taxi time and fuel consumption in airport ground movement. In: Conference on Advanced Systems for Public Transport (CASPT12), 23-27 July 2012, Santiago, Chile.

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Item Type:Conference or Workshop contribution (Presentation)
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Abstract

Environmental impact is a very important agenda item in many sectors nowadays, which the air transportation sector is also trying to reduce
as much as possible. One area which has remained relatively unexplored in this context is the ground movement problem for aircraft on the airport’s surface.
Aircraft have to be routed from a gate to a runway and vice versa and it is
still unknown whether fuel burn and environmental impact reductions will best result from purely minimising the taxi times or whether it is also important to avoid multiple acceleration phases. This paper presents a newly developed multi-objective approach for analysing the trade-off between taxi time and fuel consumption during taxiing. The approach consists of a combination of a graph-based routing algorithm and a population adaptive immune algorithm to discover different speed profiles of aircraft. Analysis with data from a European hub airport has highlighted the impressive performance of the new approach. Furthermore, it is shown that the trade-off between taxi time and fuel consumption is very sensitive to the fuel-related objective function which is used.

Keywords:Airport operations, Environmental impact, graph-based approach, ground movement, multi-objective routing
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G700 Artificial Intelligence
H Engineering > H411 Air-Passenger Transport Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
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ID Code:6062
Deposited On:19 Aug 2012 20:09

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