Effect of fish oil on cancer cachexia and host liver metabolism in rats with prostate tumors

Dagnelie, Pieter C. and Bell, Jimmy D. and Williams, Steve C. and Bates, Timothy E. and Abel, Paul D. and Foster, Christopher S. (1994) Effect of fish oil on cancer cachexia and host liver metabolism in rats with prostate tumors. Lipids, 29 (3). pp. 195-203. ISSN 0024-4201

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Full text URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02536729

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether tumor-induced cachexia and aberrations in host liver metabolism, induced by the MAT-LyLu variant of the Dunning prostate tumor, could be prevented by omega 3 fatty acids from fish oil. On day 0, adult Copenhagen-Fisher rats fed normal chow ad libitum were inoculated with 10(6) MAT-LyLu cells (n = 14) or saline (n = 9). On day 7, when tumors were palpable, four tumor-bearing (TB) and four nontumor-bearing (NTB) rats were put on isocaloric diets with 50% of total energy as fish oil. The introduction of fish oil-enriched diets caused a reduction in energy intake to less than half of the energy intake by animals fed normal diets during days 7-14 (difference by dietary group: NTB, P < 0.001; TB, P < 0.001). During days 14-21, energy intake in fish oil-fed animals returned to approximately 75% of energy intake by animals fed normal diets (difference by dietary group: NTB, P < 0.003; TB, P = 0.001). Carcass weight of animals on day 21, when the study was terminated, was significantly related to initial weight (P = 0.05) and mean food intake during the study (P = 0.01). When data were adjusted for these variables using analysis of covariance, with NTB animals on normal diets being the reference group, significant loss of carcass weight was observed in TB animals on normal diets only (mean +/- SEM 58 +/- 10 g loss, P < 0.001), but not in TB animals on fish oil diets (8 +/- 18 g loss, P = 0.67).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The aim of this study was to investigate whether tumor-induced cachexia and aberrations in host liver metabolism, induced by the MAT-LyLu variant of the Dunning prostate tumor, could be prevented by omega 3 fatty acids from fish oil. On day 0, adult Copenhagen-Fisher rats fed normal chow ad libitum were inoculated with 10(6) MAT-LyLu cells (n = 14) or saline (n = 9). On day 7, when tumors were palpable, four tumor-bearing (TB) and four nontumor-bearing (NTB) rats were put on isocaloric diets with 50% of total energy as fish oil. The introduction of fish oil-enriched diets caused a reduction in energy intake to less than half of the energy intake by animals fed normal diets during days 7-14 (difference by dietary group: NTB, P < 0.001; TB, P < 0.001). During days 14-21, energy intake in fish oil-fed animals returned to approximately 75% of energy intake by animals fed normal diets (difference by dietary group: NTB, P < 0.003; TB, P = 0.001). Carcass weight of animals on day 21, when the study was terminated, was significantly related to initial weight (P = 0.05) and mean food intake during the study (P = 0.01). When data were adjusted for these variables using analysis of covariance, with NTB animals on normal diets being the reference group, significant loss of carcass weight was observed in TB animals on normal diets only (mean +/- SEM 58 +/- 10 g loss, P < 0.001), but not in TB animals on fish oil diets (8 +/- 18 g loss, P = 0.67).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Keywords:Cancer, Prostate cancer, fatty acids, 31P, MRS, NMR spectroscopy
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A100 Pre-clinical Medicine
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B131 Cellular Pathology
A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B400 Nutrition
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:5366
Deposited By: Timothy Bates
Deposited On:17 May 2012 21:24
Last Modified:17 May 2012 21:24

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