The effects of antidepressants on cyclic AMP-response element-driven gene transcription in a model cell system

Abdel-Razaq, W. and Bates, T. E. and Kendall, D. A. (2007) The effects of antidepressants on cyclic AMP-response element-driven gene transcription in a model cell system. Biochemical Pharmacology, 73 (12). pp. 1995-2003. ISSN 0006-2952

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bcp.2007.02.015

Abstract

The effects of the antidepressant drugs clomipramine (CLOM), desipramine (DMI), tianeptine (TIAN) and of norfluoxetine (NORF, the active metabolite of fluoxetine), were investigated in CHO cells expressing human beta2 adrenoceptors and a secreted placental alkaline phosphatase (SPAP) reporter gene to determine their actions on cyclic AMP-driven gene transcription. After 18 h of exposure, CLOM, DMI and NORF, but not TIAN, had biphasic effects on 1 microM isoprenaline-stimulated SPAP fsproduction with concentrations between 10 nM and 1 microM enhancing the maximal (E(max)) SPAP response, without changing EC50 values, but higher concentrations produced marked inhibitory effects. At nanomolar concentrations, CLOM and DMI increased expression of phospho-CREB (cyclic AMP response element binding protein). NORF was less effective but did significantly increase phospho-CREB at a concentration of 200 nM. TIAN had no effect. None of the antidepressants had any effect on CREB expression, nor on the accumulation of cyclic AMP. After prolonged exposure (7-21 days) to a low concentration (200 nM) of the antidepressants, the enhanced E(max) values for SPAP production evident after 18 h were not maintained but CLOM and DMI induced a significant leftward shift in the isoprenaline EC50 after a 7-day period of treatment and this was sustained at the 21 day time point. TIAN did not produce any significant changes. The results demonstrate that, in vitro, some but not all antidepressants can modify gene transcription via monoamine and cyclic AMP-independent mechanisms. The in vivo adaptive responses to TIAN probably involve alterations in different gene sets to those affected by other antidepressants.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The effects of the antidepressant drugs clomipramine (CLOM), desipramine (DMI), tianeptine (TIAN) and of norfluoxetine (NORF, the active metabolite of fluoxetine), were investigated in CHO cells expressing human beta2 adrenoceptors and a secreted placental alkaline phosphatase (SPAP) reporter gene to determine their actions on cyclic AMP-driven gene transcription. After 18 h of exposure, CLOM, DMI and NORF, but not TIAN, had biphasic effects on 1 microM isoprenaline-stimulated SPAP fsproduction with concentrations between 10 nM and 1 microM enhancing the maximal (E(max)) SPAP response, without changing EC50 values, but higher concentrations produced marked inhibitory effects. At nanomolar concentrations, CLOM and DMI increased expression of phospho-CREB (cyclic AMP response element binding protein). NORF was less effective but did significantly increase phospho-CREB at a concentration of 200 nM. TIAN had no effect. None of the antidepressants had any effect on CREB expression, nor on the accumulation of cyclic AMP. After prolonged exposure (7-21 days) to a low concentration (200 nM) of the antidepressants, the enhanced E(max) values for SPAP production evident after 18 h were not maintained but CLOM and DMI induced a significant leftward shift in the isoprenaline EC50 after a 7-day period of treatment and this was sustained at the 21 day time point. TIAN did not produce any significant changes. The results demonstrate that, in vitro, some but not all antidepressants can modify gene transcription via monoamine and cyclic AMP-independent mechanisms. The in vivo adaptive responses to TIAN probably involve alterations in different gene sets to those affected by other antidepressants.
Keywords:antidepressants, CHO cells, SPAP reporter gene, cyclic-AMP, gene transcription
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B140 Neuroscience
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:5213
Deposited By: Timothy Bates
Deposited On:27 Jun 2012 17:01
Last Modified:27 Jun 2012 17:01

Repository Staff Only: item control page