Predictive learning, prediction errors, and attention: evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking

Wills, A. J. and Gavric, A. and Croft, G .S. and Hodgson, T. L. (2007) Predictive learning, prediction errors, and attention: evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19 (5). pp. 843-854. ISSN 0898-929X

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Predictive learning, prediction errors, and attention: evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking
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Official URL: http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/jo...

Abstract

Prediction error (‘‘surprise’’) affects the rate of learning: We learn more rapidly about cues for which we initially make incorrect predictions than cues for which our initial predictions are correct. The current studies employ electrophysiological measures to reveal early attentional differentiation of events that differ in their previous involvement in errors of predictive judgment.
Error-related events attract more attention, as evidenced by features of event-related scalp potentials previously implicated in selective visual attention (selection negativity, augmented anterior N1). The earliest differences detected occurred around 120 msec after stimulus onset, and distributed source localization (LORETA)
indicated that the inferior temporal regions were one source of the earliest differences. In addition, stimuli associated with the production of prediction errors show higher dwell times in an eyetracking procedure. Our data support the view that early attentional processes play a role in human associative learning.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Prediction error (‘‘surprise’’) affects the rate of learning: We learn more rapidly about cues for which we initially make incorrect predictions than cues for which our initial predictions are correct. The current studies employ electrophysiological measures to reveal early attentional differentiation of events that differ in their previous involvement in errors of predictive judgment. Error-related events attract more attention, as evidenced by features of event-related scalp potentials previously implicated in selective visual attention (selection negativity, augmented anterior N1). The earliest differences detected occurred around 120 msec after stimulus onset, and distributed source localization (LORETA) indicated that the inferior temporal regions were one source of the earliest differences. In addition, stimuli associated with the production of prediction errors show higher dwell times in an eyetracking procedure. Our data support the view that early attentional processes play a role in human associative learning.
Keywords:eye tracking, event related potentials, predictive learning, prediction errors, attention
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C860 Neuropsychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:4813
Deposited By: Alison Wilson
Deposited On:29 Nov 2011 19:08
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 09:03

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