Psychophysical properties of two-stroke apparent motion

Mather, George and Challinor, K. L. (2009) Psychophysical properties of two-stroke apparent motion. Journal of Vision, 9 (1). pp. 1-6. ISSN 1534-7362

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Psychophysical properties of two-stroke apparent motion
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Abstract

In two-stroke apparent movement, repeated presentation of a two-frame pattern displacement followed by a brief inter-stimulus
interval (ISI) can create an impression of continuous forward motion (G. Mather, 2006). Does the ISI in two-stroke motion
just break the connection between adjacent frames, switching off the motion signal they normally generate, or does it
actually generate a reversed motion signal? Reversed apparent motion in two-frame stimuli separated by a brief ISI has
been reported in several previous papers (ISI reversal), which found that the effect is optimal at short, mean-luminance
ISIs, and is abolished at scotopic luminances. A series of five experiments compared two-stroke apparent motion with ISI
reversal using the same stimulus display. The two effects show the same dependence on ISI duration and luminance and
are both abolished at low mean luminance. Results therefore support the conclusion that the ISI in two-stroke apparent
motion does contribute a reversed motion signal and constrain theoretical explanations of two-stroke apparent motion.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:In two-stroke apparent movement, repeated presentation of a two-frame pattern displacement followed by a brief inter-stimulus interval (ISI) can create an impression of continuous forward motion (G. Mather, 2006). Does the ISI in two-stroke motion just break the connection between adjacent frames, switching off the motion signal they normally generate, or does it actually generate a reversed motion signal? Reversed apparent motion in two-frame stimuli separated by a brief ISI has been reported in several previous papers (ISI reversal), which found that the effect is optimal at short, mean-luminance ISIs, and is abolished at scotopic luminances. A series of five experiments compared two-stroke apparent motion with ISI reversal using the same stimulus display. The two effects show the same dependence on ISI duration and luminance and are both abolished at low mean luminance. Results therefore support the conclusion that the ISI in two-stroke apparent motion does contribute a reversed motion signal and constrain theoretical explanations of two-stroke apparent motion.
Keywords:apparent motion, temporal response, two-stroke apparent motion
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:4737
Deposited By: Alison Wilson
Deposited On:13 Oct 2011 11:17
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 09:02

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