Experimental and numerical study of an air assisted fuel injector for a D.I.S.I. engine

Boretti, Alberto and Jin, Seong-Ho and Zakis, George and Brear, Michael and Attard, William and Watson, Harry and Carlisle, H. and Bryce, W. (2007) Experimental and numerical study of an air assisted fuel injector for a D.I.S.I. engine. In: 2007 SAE World Congress, April 16-19, 2007, Detroit, Michigan.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4271/2007-01-1415

Abstract

The transient behaviour of the fuel spray from an air assisted fuel injector has been investigated both
numerically and experimentally in a Constant Volume
Chamber (CVC) and an optical engine. This two phase
injector is difficult to analyse numerically and
experimentally because of the strong coupling between
the gas and liquid phases. The gas driven atomization of
liquid fuel involves liquid film formation, separation and
break up and also liquid droplet coalescence, break up,
splashing, bouncing, evaporation and collision. Furthermore, the liquid phase is the dominant phase in
many regions within the injector.

Experimental results are obtained by using Mie scattering, Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) and Laser Sheet Drop sizing (LSD) techniques. Computational results are obtained by using a mixed Lagrangian/Eulerian approach in a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) code. Injector rig results show a good atomization of the spray with low
spray width and penetration and Sauter Mean Diameters SMD) of droplets of order 10 μm. Engine results show a spray with a relatively low penetration producing liquid fuel and vapour fuel concentrations close to the central location of the injector and spark plug for stratified, lean mode of operation. Imaging of this injector operating inside an engine confirms the overall design approach for stratified operation.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Presentation)
Additional Information:The transient behaviour of the fuel spray from an air assisted fuel injector has been investigated both numerically and experimentally in a Constant Volume Chamber (CVC) and an optical engine. This two phase injector is difficult to analyse numerically and experimentally because of the strong coupling between the gas and liquid phases. The gas driven atomization of liquid fuel involves liquid film formation, separation and break up and also liquid droplet coalescence, break up, splashing, bouncing, evaporation and collision. Furthermore, the liquid phase is the dominant phase in many regions within the injector. Experimental results are obtained by using Mie scattering, Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) and Laser Sheet Drop sizing (LSD) techniques. Computational results are obtained by using a mixed Lagrangian/Eulerian approach in a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) code. Injector rig results show a good atomization of the spray with low spray width and penetration and Sauter Mean Diameters SMD) of droplets of order 10 μm. Engine results show a spray with a relatively low penetration producing liquid fuel and vapour fuel concentrations close to the central location of the injector and spark plug for stratified, lean mode of operation. Imaging of this injector operating inside an engine confirms the overall design approach for stratified operation.
Keywords:Air assisted fuel injector, Laser induced fluorescence, Mie scattering, Sauter mean diameter (SMD)
Subjects:H Engineering > H141 Fluid Mechanics
H Engineering > H330 Automotive Engineering
H Engineering > H311 Thermodynamics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:4642
Deposited By: Seong-Ho Jin
Deposited On:26 Aug 2011 09:45
Last Modified:26 Aug 2011 09:45

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