HIV therapy via noncomputational optimal control approach

Ling, Bingo Wing-Kuen (2012) HIV therapy via noncomputational optimal control approach. In: Applications of chaos and nonlinear dynamics in science and engineering. Understanding complex systems, 2 . Springer, Berlin, pp. 3-20. ISBN 9783642293283 (print), 9783642293290 (online)

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Abstract

In this chapter, we numerically show that the dynamics of the HIV system is sensitive to both the initial condition and the system parameters. These phenomena imply that the system is chaotic and exhibits a bifurcation behavior. To control the system, we propose to initiate an HIV therapy based on both the concentration of the HIV-1 viral load and the ratio of the CD4 lymphocyte population to the CD8 lymphocyte population. If the concentration of the HIV-1 viral load is higher than a threshold, then the first type of therapy will be applied. If the concentration of the HIV-1 viral load is lower than or equal to the threshold and the ratio of the CD4 lymphocyte population to the CD8 lymphocyte population is greater than another threshold, then the second type of therapy will be applied. Otherwise, no therapy will be applied. The advantages of the proposed control strategy are that the therapy can be stopped under certain conditions, while the state variables of the overall system is asymptotically stable with fast convergent rate, the concentration of the controlled HIV-1 viral load is monotonic decreasing, as well as the positivity constraint of the system states and that of the dose concentration is guaranteed to be satisfied. Computer numerical simulation results are presented for an illustration.

Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:In this chapter, we numerically show that the dynamics of the HIV system is sensitive to both the initial condition and the system parameters. These phenomena imply that the system is chaotic and exhibits a bifurcation behavior. To control the system, we propose to initiate an HIV therapy based on both the concentration of the HIV-1 viral load and the ratio of the CD4 lymphocyte population to the CD8 lymphocyte population. If the concentration of the HIV-1 viral load is higher than a threshold, then the first type of therapy will be applied. If the concentration of the HIV-1 viral load is lower than or equal to the threshold and the ratio of the CD4 lymphocyte population to the CD8 lymphocyte population is greater than another threshold, then the second type of therapy will be applied. Otherwise, no therapy will be applied. The advantages of the proposed control strategy are that the therapy can be stopped under certain conditions, while the state variables of the overall system is asymptotically stable with fast convergent rate, the concentration of the controlled HIV-1 viral load is monotonic decreasing, as well as the positivity constraint of the system states and that of the dose concentration is guaranteed to be satisfied. Computer numerical simulation results are presented for an illustration.
Keywords:Initiation of HIV therapy, switching control strategy, chaos control, bifurcation.
Subjects:H Engineering > H610 Electronic Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:4526
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:03 Jun 2011 22:30
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 09:00

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