Effect of seed moisture content and D-limonene on oviposition decisions of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus

Hudaib, Taghread and Hayes, William and Brown, Sarah and Eady, Paul (2010) Effect of seed moisture content and D-limonene on oviposition decisions of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 137 (2). pp. 120-125. ISSN 0013-8703

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Effect of seed moisture content and D-limonene on oviposition decisions of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus
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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1570-...

Abstract

Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) is a cosmopolitan pest of stored pulses and legumes. Under legume storage conditions neither adults nor larvae drink, with larvae obtaining their hydration from metabolic water. However, lack of water limits female fecundity and longevity, thus females might be expected to preferentially oviposit on seeds with high moisture content so as to minimize water stress on their offspring. This was tested by offering females a choice of seeds that differed in relation to their level of water content. After controlling for differences in seed size, females were found to preferentially oviposit on the driest seeds. Offspring size and larval survival were equivalent on seeds that differed in moisture content, which in combination with the preference to lay on the driest seeds would indicate that the egg laying decisions of C. maculatus females do not function to minimize larval water stress. Analysis of the chemical volatiles released by seeds that differed in their moisture content revealed a greater level of d-limonene in the environment surrounding high moisture seeds. d-limonene has known anti-herbivory properties, thus we suggest the observed female preference for dry seeds may be related to the observed difference in the level of d-limonene in the immediate vicinity of beans that differ with respect to their moisture content.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) is a cosmopolitan pest of stored pulses and legumes. Under legume storage conditions neither adults nor larvae drink, with larvae obtaining their hydration from metabolic water. However, lack of water limits female fecundity and longevity, thus females might be expected to preferentially oviposit on seeds with high moisture content so as to minimize water stress on their offspring. This was tested by offering females a choice of seeds that differed in relation to their level of water content. After controlling for differences in seed size, females were found to preferentially oviposit on the driest seeds. Offspring size and larval survival were equivalent on seeds that differed in moisture content, which in combination with the preference to lay on the driest seeds would indicate that the egg laying decisions of C. maculatus females do not function to minimize larval water stress. Analysis of the chemical volatiles released by seeds that differed in their moisture content revealed a greater level of d-limonene in the environment surrounding high moisture seeds. d-limonene has known anti-herbivory properties, thus we suggest the observed female preference for dry seeds may be related to the observed difference in the level of d-limonene in the immediate vicinity of beans that differ with respect to their moisture content.
Keywords:Vigna unguiculata, egg laying, seed hydration, survival, Coleoptera, Bruchidae, stored product pest, deterrence
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C142 Reproductive Biology
C Biological Sciences > C100 Biology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:4318
Deposited By: Sarah Lunt
Deposited On:26 Mar 2011 22:54
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 08:58

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