Multicomponent flow on curved surfaces : A vielbein lattice Boltzmann approach

Ambrus, A. V. and Busuioc, S. and Wagner, A. J. and Paillusson, Fabien and Kusumaatmaja, Halim (2019) Multicomponent flow on curved surfaces : A vielbein lattice Boltzmann approach. Physical Review E . ISSN 2470-0045

Multicomponent flow on curved surfaces : A vielbein lattice Boltzmann approach

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We develop and implement a novel finite difference lattice Boltzmann scheme to study multicomponent flows on curved surfaces, coupling the continuity and Navier-Stokes equations with the
Cahn-Hilliard equation to track the evolution of the binary fluid interfaces. The standard lattice
Boltzmann method relies on regular Cartesian grids, which makes it generally unsuitable to study
flow problems on curved surfaces. To alleviate this limitation, we use a vielbein formalism to write
down the Boltzmann equation on an arbitrary geometry, and solve the evolution of the fluid distribution functions using a finite difference method. Focussing on the torus geometry as an example of
a curved surface, we demonstrate drift motions of fluid droplets and stripes embedded on the surface
of such geometries. Interestingly, they migrate in opposite directions: fluid droplets to the outer
side while fluid stripes to the inner side of the torus. For the latter we demonstrate that the global
minimum configuration is unique for small stripe widths, but it becomes bistable for large stripe
widths. Our simulations are also in agreement with analytical predictions for the Laplace pressure of
the fluid stripes, and their damped oscillatory motion as they approach equilibrium configurations,
capturing the corresponding decay timescale and oscillation frequency. Finally, we simulate the
coarsening dynamics of phase separating binary fluids in the hydrodynamics and diffusive regimes
for tori of various shapes, and compare the results against those for a flat two-dimensional surface. Our finite difference lattice Boltzmann scheme can be extended to other surfaces and coupled
to other dynamical equations, opening up a vast range of applications involving complex flows on
curved geometries.

Keywords:Lattice Boltzmann, Fluid Dynamics, Curved Surfaces, Multicomponent
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F340 Mathematical & Theoretical Physics
F Physical Sciences > F300 Physics
F Physical Sciences > F343 Computational Physics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Mathematics and Physics
ID Code:38874
Deposited On:15 Nov 2019 10:32

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