Laser micro-nano texturing of a polycrystalline ultra-hard cutting tool to improve wear behaviour

Pacella, Manuela and Badiee, Amir and Ghosh, Piryanka (2019) Laser micro-nano texturing of a polycrystalline ultra-hard cutting tool to improve wear behaviour. In: SPIE LASE, 2019, San Francisco, California, United States.

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1117/12.2507208

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Laser micro-nano texturing of a polycrystalline ultra-hard cutting tool to improve wear behaviour

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Abstract

Polycrystalline diamond cutting tools are widely used for drilling and turning applications due to their high wear
resistance and long durability, however the issue of adhesion of workpiece to the cutting tool significantly affects the
cutting tool lifetime. Using a nanosecond fibre laser surface texturing of polycrystalline diamond single point cutting
tools is proposed to improve diamond wear and anti-adhesion properties in machining aluminium alloys. The textures,
with topographical features’ depths and pitch ranging from tens of nanometers to tens of micrometers, were first milled using a fibre laser (1064-nm wavelength) at different fluences, feed speeds and pulse durations, and finally characterised using a combination of Scanning Electron Microscopy, White Light Interferometry and Energy Dispersive X-Ray (EDX). The effect of different textures on the wear properties was investigated in turning tests under dry conditions. The tests were stopped every 20 passes and the wear analysed through an Alicona optical 3D measurements. The online monitoring and post-processing of the cutting forces and the microscopical characterisation of the tested cutting tools allowed the evaluation of the effects of texture design and adhesive properties. For textures depths in the order of 260 nm and post process roughness in the order of tens of nanometers, a reduction of cutting force and an improvement of antiadhesive effect were achieved in dry turning.

Keywords:Polycrystalline diamond insert, cutting tool, laser surface texturing, nanosecond laser, laser milling, adhesion
Subjects:H Engineering > H300 Mechanical Engineering
H Engineering > H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:38258
Deposited On:06 Nov 2019 09:36

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