Power and Energy Analysis for a Commercial Retail Refrigeration System Responding to a Static Demand Side Response

Albayati, Ibrahim and Postnikov, Andrey and Pearson, Simon and Bickerton, Ronald and Zolotas, Argyrios and Bingham, Chris (2019) Power and Energy Analysis for a Commercial Retail Refrigeration System Responding to a Static Demand Side Response. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems . ISSN 0142-0615

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Power and Energy Analysis for a Commercial Retail Refrigeration System Responding to a Static Demand Side Response
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Abstract

The paper considers the impact of Demand Side Response events on supply power profile and energy efficiency of widely distributed aggregated loads applied across commercial refrigeration systems. Responses to secondary grid frequency static DSR events are investigated. Experimental trials are conducted on a system of refrigerators representing a small retail store, and subsequently on the refrigerators of an operational superstore in the UK. Energy consumption and energy savings during 3 hours of operation, pre and post-secondary DSR, are discussed. In addition, a simultaneous secondary DSR event is realised across three operational retail stores located in different geographical regions of the UK. A Simulink model for a 3Φ power network is used to investigate the impact of a synchronised return to normal operation of the aggregated refrigeration systems post DSR on the local power network. Results show ~1% drop in line voltage due to the synchronised return to operation. An analysis of energy consumption shows that DSR events can facilitate energy savings of between 3.8% and 9.3% compared to normal operation. This is a result of the refrigerators operating more efficiently during and shortly after the DSR. The use of aggregated refrigeration loads can contribute to the necessary load-shed by 97.3% at the beginning of DSR and 27% during 30 minutes DSR, based on a simultaneous DSR event carried out on three retail stores.

Keywords:Demand Side Response, Firm Frequency Response, National Grid, Retail Refrigeration System, Candidacy Algorithm, Power Profile
Subjects:H Engineering > H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
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ID Code:38163
Deposited On:04 Nov 2019 11:24

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