An 8 week neuromuscular training programme reduces the risk of ACL injury and increases athletic performance variables in female court sport athletes

Morrow, Ryan (2019) An 8 week neuromuscular training programme reduces the risk of ACL injury and increases athletic performance variables in female court sport athletes. MRes thesis, University of Lincoln.

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An 8 week neuromuscular training programme reduces the risk of ACL injury and increases athletic performance variables in female court sport athletes
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Item Type:Thesis (MRes)
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Abstract

Court sport athletes repetitively perform movements which require physical attributes such as
agility, acceleration, muscular power, muscular strength and balance. Unfortunately, some of
the movements performed by court sport athletes such as changing direction quickly,
decelerating and landing from a jump put athletes at an increased risk of injury their anterior
cruciate ligament. Females in particular are at an increased risk of injuring this ligament in
comparison to their male counterparts. The purpose of this study was to investigate if a
neuromuscular training protocol increased athletic performance variables and reduced the risk
of ACL injuries in female court sport athletes. Twenty female court sport athletes took part in
this study (stature: 169 ± 7 cm, mass: 61.3 ± 8.3 kg, age: 22.3 ± 2.0 years, competitive playing
experience: 5.4 ± 1.6 years). Participants were split evenly through random allocation,
comprising of ten in the control group and ten in the intervention group.
Both the control and intervention groups pre-tests involved a 20 m sprint, counter-movement
jump (CMJ), Illinois agility test and the Qualitative Analysis of a Single Leg Squat (QASLS),
which is an assessment used to profile a participant’s risk of an ACL injury. After the pre-tests
the intervention group engaged in a modified version of the Fifa 11+ neuromuscular training
programme twice a week over an eight week period. During this eight week period both groups
were instructed to continue with their habitual training regimes as delivered to them by their
sport coaches. After eight weeks both the control and intervention group participants were
recalled to repeat the pre-test protocols.
A 2 (Control vs. Intervention) x 2 (Pre vs. Post – within subjects) mixed ANOVA demonstrated
significant improvements for the intervention group’s CMJ (9.7% improvement) and QASLS
(117% improvement on left leg and 65% on the right) in comparison to the control group
following the training intervention. No significant differences between the two groups were
found for the Illinois agility test and 20 m sprint. However, there was a within-group
improvement in 20 m sprint for the intervention group post training (2.2% decrease). The
results demonstrate a modified Fifa 11+ protocol can be considered an effective neuromuscular
training programme for reducing the risk of ACL injuries and improving athletic performance
variables in female court sport athletes.

Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
ID Code:37751
Deposited On:09 Oct 2019 13:51

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