Non-state actors and change in foreign policy: the case of a self-determination referendum in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Charountaki, Marianna (2020) Non-state actors and change in foreign policy: the case of a self-determination referendum in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Cambridge Review of International Affairs . ISSN 0955-7571

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1080/09557571.2019.1663495

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Abstract

This article bridges the gap between referenda and foreign policy, emphasizing the role of non-state entities as (f)actors of change in the formulation of foreign policy. Using a multi-layered (rather than a normative) analysis, it examines the Kurdistan Region of Iraq as a novel, non-state case in the international relations and foreign policy analysis literature. It argues that referenda can be pursued by non-state entities, not just state actors, and analyses the parameters of the Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG’s) unilateral declaration and conduct of the 2017 referendum. It perceives referenda as tools for the formulation and possible facilitation of foreign policy objectives and, in particular, claims to the formation of statehood undertaken by a non-state entity. The study, therefore, pursues a multi-level analysis looking at the contributing dynamics at the domestic, regional and international levels which demonstrate the impact of referenda on foreign policy-making and examines the catalyst role of the unit level that stands out as a determining factor.

Keywords:Non state actors, KRI, referendum, foreign policy, levels of analysis
Subjects:L Social studies > L240 International Politics
L Social studies > L243 Politics of a specific country/region
L Social studies > L250 International Relations
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
ID Code:37665
Deposited On:09 Oct 2019 17:00

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