Women and the press in British India, 1928-34: a window for protest?

Chapman, Jane and Allison, Kate (2011) Women and the press in British India, 1928-34: a window for protest? International Journal of Social Economics, 38 (8). pp. 676-692. ISSN 0306-8293

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Full text URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/03068291111143893

Abstract

Second prize winner of the Emerald Publishing Best Article of the Year award for 2011.
Purpose: to understand how, in tough economic times, British-owned, English-language newspapers such as The Pioneer received and filtered news, especially gender-related and nationalist-related events and thinking. Design/methodology: using qualitative and quantitative methods to assess communications by and about pro - nationalist women, coverage of female activities was categorised into two groups: firstly educational, social and peaceful campaigns and secondly direct action such as strikes, burning of British cloth and business /land rent boycotts.
Findings: direct action provided ‘bad news’ coverage, but it simultaneously gave a small window for publicity. Less threatening peaceful campaigns provided a bigger window – enhanced by the novelty value of female activism.
Research limitations/implications: Historians need to look specifically at Indian newspapers during the struggle for independence for a counter-hegemonic discourse that reached a wide public. When evidence of women's activism is paired with financial news, it becomes clear that women had a negative impact on British business. Furthermore The Pioneer’ s own business dilemmas made the paper part of the economic and ideological maelstrom that that it reported on.
Originality/value: this is the first time that the colonial press in India itself has been scrutinised in detail on the subject of the rising nationalist movement and women. Findings underline female influence on both economics and ideology – a neglected aspect of Indian gender scholarship and economic history.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Second prize winner of the Emerald Publishing Best Article of the Year award for 2011.
Keywords:Indian newspaper business, gender, Nehru, Annie Besant, Kipling, The Pioneer
Subjects:L Social studies > L321 Women's Studies
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P590 Journalism not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V200 History by area
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V320 Social History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V390 History by Topic not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V310 Economic History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P400 Publishing
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R130 French Society and Culture
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V240 Asian History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V146 Modern History 1920-1949
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V900 Others in Historical and Philosophical studies
L Social studies > L210 Political Theories
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P900 Others in Mass Communications and Documentation
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R190 French studies not elsewhere classified
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P390 Media studies not elsewhere classified
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P305 Paper-based Media studies
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P500 Journalism
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V100 History by period
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P290 Publicity studies not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V271 International History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P990 Mass Communications and Documentation not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V243 South East Asian History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P510 Factual Reporting
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V147 Modern History 1950-1999
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V210 British History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P300 Media studies
Q Linguistics, Classics and related subjects > Q200 Comparative Literary studies
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V242 Indian History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P100 Information Services
L Social studies > L222 Democracy
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V140 Modern History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P490 Publishing not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V221 French History
Divisions:College of Arts > Lincoln School of Journalism
ID Code:3723
Deposited By: Jane Chapman
Deposited On:08 Dec 2010 21:21
Last Modified:04 Dec 2013 22:47

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