Energy localization onq-tori, long-term stability, and the interpretation of Fermi-Pasta-Ulam recurrences

Christodoulidi, H and Efthymiopoulos, C. and Bountis, T. (2010) Energy localization onq-tori, long-term stability, and the interpretation of Fermi-Pasta-Ulam recurrences. Physical Review E, 81 (1). ISSN 2470-0045

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.81.016210

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Abstract

We focus on two approaches that have been proposed in recent years for the explanation of the so-called Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) paradox, i.e., the persistence of energy localization in the “low-q” Fourier modes of Fermi-Pasta-Ulam nonlinear lattices, preventing equipartition among all modes at low energies. In the first approach, a low-frequency fraction of the spectrum is initially excited leading to the formation of “natural packets” exhibiting exponential stability, while in the second, emphasis is placed on the existence of “q breathers,” i.e., periodic continuations of the linear modes of the lattice, which are exponentially localized in Fourier space. Following ideas of the latter, we introduce in this paper the concept of “q-tori” representing exponentially localized solutions on low-dimensional tori and use their stability properties to reconcile these two approaches and provide a more complete explanation of the FPU paradox.

Keywords:Fermi-Pasta-Ulam, low-dimensional tori, energy localization, Poincaré-Lindstedt method
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G120 Applied Mathematics
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G121 Mechanics (Mathematical)
F Physical Sciences > F340 Mathematical & Theoretical Physics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Mathematics and Physics
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ID Code:37112
Deposited On:16 Sep 2019 10:17

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