The effects of concurrent biomechanical biofeedback on novel skill acquisition

Gorman, Anthony and Willmott, Sandy and Mullineaux, David (2019) The effects of concurrent biomechanical biofeedback on novel skill acquisition. Sports Biomechanics . ISSN 1476-3141

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2019.1650101

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The effects of concurrent biomechanical biofeedback on novel skill acquisition
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of concurrent biomechanical biofeedback on the ability of novices to modify relative knee, spine, and elbow motions during a rowing-type task. After six noninstructed practice sessions, novices were assigned to a biofeedback (BFb; n = 7) or control group (Con; n = 7), before six, ten-minute sessions of continuous rowing were performed over 2 weeks. The BFb group received concurrent, visual biofeedback for developing sequential timing of knee, spine, and elbow motions during the pull. Following the intervention, the BFb group demonstrated delayed elbow flexion initiation (pre-intervention, 46 ± 11% pull; postintervention, 78 ± 3% pull; p = 0.001). The biofeedback further promoted the consecutive ending of joint rotations (BFb: knee, 69 ± 4% pull; spine, 73 ± 7% pull; elbow, 85 ± 3% pull; Con: knee, 79 ± 8% pull; spine, 28 ± 6% pull; elbow, 79 ± 4% pull) and a move towards the sequential sequencing pattern. Concurrent biomechanical biofeedback during short-term training altered technique, possibly by providing guidance towards the desired movement pattern and increasing error detection and correction capabilities.

Keywords:coaching, feedback, real-time, rowing, sequencing
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B830 Biomechanics, Biomaterials and Prosthetics (non-clinical)
C Biological Sciences > C810 Applied Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
ID Code:36814
Deposited On:02 Sep 2019 09:17

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