Accelerating Sustainable Housing Considering Occupants’ Health, Wellbeing and Thermal Comfort, the Case of Palestine

Alqadi, Shireen B. (2019) Accelerating Sustainable Housing Considering Occupants’ Health, Wellbeing and Thermal Comfort, the Case of Palestine. PhD thesis, University of Lincoln.

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Accelerating Sustainable Housing Considering Occupants’ Health, Wellbeing and Thermal Comfort, the Case of Palestine
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Abstract

Energy security and affordability are among the major challenges facing the Palestinians. While the housing sector is a main energy consumer, the majority of the housing is of low energy efficiency. Before introducing the renewable energy technologies, optimizing the energy consumption is crucial. No up-to-date breakdown of energy consumption in the housing sector in Palestine is available at the time of writing this research. Meanwhile, very limited research incorporates the users’ behaviour alongside the physical characteristics of the buildings when examining the consumption of energy.
The main goal of this research is to contribute to the development of sustainable housing in Palestine while considering thermal comfort, wellbeing and health of the users. The objectives of this research is to narrow the knowledge gap concerning the thermal performance of residential buildings and the thermal behaviour of the occupants. Another goal is to develop methods for estimating the energy consumption in buildings by integrating the socioeconomic characteristics of the occupants. In addition to critically assess the level of thermal comfort of occupants and develop adaptive models to predict the level of thermal comfort based on that. Finally, to create validated Dynamic Building Energy Simulation (DBES) models for existing case study buildings and integrate the users’ actual behaviour and thermal comfort preferences in the simulation to optimize the use of energy. Finally, the previous goals build together to produce a comprehensive framework to accelerate sustainable housing in Palestine that considers household wellbeing, safety and thermal preferences.
The research adopted the research design using mixed methods approach. The research methods used were first the literature review, a multimode survey, comparative case study of 30 cases, semi structured interviews, monitoring and thermal simulation. The research revealed that not only the physical characteristics determine the energy consumption but also the thermal behaviour is crucial. The main contribution to the body of knowledge is a set of data base concerning the heating and cooling (HC) energy in the housing sector, a set of tools that estimate the (HC) energy, a set of adaptive comfort models, validated simulation models incorporating and users’ behaviour and finally, a framework to accelerate the sustainable housing.

Keywords:Sustainable Housing, Energy Consumption, Dynamic Building Energy Simulation
Subjects:K Architecture, Building and Planning > K100 Architecture
Divisions:College of Arts
College of Arts > School of Architecture & Design > School of Architecture & Design (Architecture)
ID Code:36530
Deposited On:07 Aug 2019 14:50

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