Performance of candidates declaring dyslexia in the MRCGP clinical skills assessment: cross sectional study

Asghar, Zahid and Siriwardena, Niro and Williams, N and Denny, ML (2019) Performance of candidates declaring dyslexia in the MRCGP clinical skills assessment: cross sectional study. In: Spring Trent SAPC, 19th March 2019, University of Nottingham.

Full content URL: https://sapc.ac.uk/conference/2019/abstract/perfor...

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Performance of candidates declaring dyslexia in the MRCGP clinical skills assessment: cross sectional study
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Abstract

Introduction
There are increasing numbers of doctors with dyslexia undertaking the MRCGP licensing exam for general practice. Exam bodies seek to be fair to candidates with disabilities such as dyslexia as part of their Public Sector Equality Duty under the Equality Act 2010. We aimed to investigate performance of doctors declaring dyslexia in the Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA) component of the MRCGP.
Methods
We used a cross-sectional design, analysing routine candidate performance and demographic data from the MRCGP CSA between 2010 and 2017. We used multivariable logistic regression to compare candidates who declared dyslexia (either ‘early’ before their first attempt, or ‘late’ after failing at least once) with candidates who did not declare dyslexia to investigate the effect of declaring dyslexia on passing the CSA taking into account number of attempts, sex, place of primary medical qualification and ethnicity.
Results
Overall, 20879 candidates took the CSA between 2010 and 2017 of which 598 (2.9%) declared dyslexia. Candidates declaring dyslexia were no different in ethnicity compared with those who did not declare dyslexia but were significantly more likely to be male (47.3 vs 37.8; p<0.001) and to have a non-UK primary medical qualification (27.0% vs 22.4%; p=0.001). Candidates who declared dyslexia late were significantly more likely to fail the CSA compared with those candidates who declared early (40.6% vs 9.2%; p<0.001). They were also more likely to have a non-UK medical qualification (79.3% vs 15.7%; p<0.001) or come from a minority ethnic group (84.9% vs 39.2%; p<0.001). Candidates who declared dyslexia were significantly less likely to pass the CSA compared to candidates who did not declare dyslexia, particularly when this was declared late (Incident Rate Ratio [IRR] 0.78, 95%; confidence interval [CI] 0.67 to 0.91) but also when declared early (IRR 0.94 95%; CI] 0.92 to 0.97).

Conclusion
Trainees declaring dyslexia, and particularly declared late, were less likely to pass the CSA. Differential attainment in doctors with dyslexia needs to be addressed by investigating potential causes and finding solutions for such disparities as well as facilitating earlier assessment of dyslexia in those not previously diagnosed, particularly ethnic minority non-UK trained doctors.

Keywords:CSA exam, Membership Royal College of General Practitioners (MRCGP), Dyslexia, Ethnicity, differential attainment, Cross-sectional studies
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
L Social studies > L510 Health & Welfare
X Education > X990 Education not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
ID Code:36325
Deposited On:28 Jun 2019 09:38

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