Which factors are associated with hospitalisation in people presenting with convulsions to ambulance services? Cross sectional study using ambulance and hospital linked data

Asghar, Zahid and Smith, Murray and Spaight, Anne and Dickson, Jon and Miller, Philip and Coffey, Frank and Siriwardena, Niro (2019) Which factors are associated with hospitalisation in people presenting with convulsions to ambulance services? Cross sectional study using ambulance and hospital linked data. In: EMS 2019, 25th - 28th April, Madrid Spain.

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Which factors are associated with hospitalisation in people presenting with convulsions to ambulance services? Cross sectional study using ambulance and hospital linked data
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Abstract

Introduction
Patients with suspected seizure result in a large number of emergency calls to ambulance services: around 3% of all calls to EMAS are due to patients with seizure which makes this the sixth highest volume single issue call to the service. Some of these patients are conveyed to the emergency department (ED) which accounts for most of the health costs.

Aims
We aimed to investigate which factors are associated with hospitalisation in this patient group.
Method
We used a cross sectional design linking ambulance dispatch and clinical data with hospital Emergency Department and inpatient data from July 2016 to June 2017.

Inclusion criterion: Adults aged 16 years or over with ambulance records including the terms ‘convulsion’ or ’fitting and hospital records confirming the diagnosis of convulsion.

Descriptive statistics: Ambulance service process data, ambulance response times, demographic data and clinical (physiological) findings summarised as NEWS2 (incorporating respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, pulse rate, conscious level and temperature) and treatments.

Statistical Models: We used logistic regression to construct models showing predictors of admission to hospital or intensive care unit (ICU).
Findings
517 adult patients aged 16+ years had a hospital diagnosis of seizure, with 42.8% (221/517) admitted, 24 of which were to the ICU. Most patients with convulsions were therefore not hospitalised. Male patients were more likely to be admitted and older patients with greater physiological disturbance were more likely to receive intensive care.
Regression model results
The regression model suggests, older patients aged 65+ years were more likely to be admitted (OR 12.4, 95% CI 5.7 - 26.6, p<0.01) compared with younger patients aged 16-25 years male patients (OR 1.9, 95%CI 1.3 - 2.9, p<0.01) compared with females and those with NEWS2 of 3 vs zero (OR 2.1, 95%CI 1.2 - 3.5, p<0.01) were more likely to be admitted. Older patients aged 65 years+ (OR 10.4, 95% CI 1.8 - 60.7, P<0.01) compared with those aged 16-25 years and those with NEWS2 score 3 vs zero (OR 8.2, 95%CI 2.5 - 27.4, P<0.01) were more likely to be admitted to intensive care.
Limitations
Use of electronic clinical records varied at EMAS and this was a potential source of bias in the data. Prehospital datasets linked with Hospital Episode Statistics may not capture all the patients due to matching errors or duplicates, requiring visual inspection of the data.
Acknowledgements
We thank East Midlands Ambulance and Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trusts for providing the data.

Keywords:Pre-hospital care, HES, Convulsions, Cross-Sectional Studies, hospitalisation, Electronic patient data
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B140 Neuroscience
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B990 Subjects Allied to Medicine not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
ID Code:36324
Deposited On:01 Jul 2019 08:02

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