Randomized Controlled Trials: How Can We Know “What Works”?

Cowen, Nick and Virk, Baljinder and Mascarenhas-Keyes, Stella and Cartwright, Nancy (2017) Randomized Controlled Trials: How Can We Know “What Works”? Critical Review, 29 (3). pp. 265-292. ISSN 0891-3811

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1080/08913811.2017.1395223

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Abstract

“Evidence-based” methods, which most prominently include randomized controlled trials, have gained increasing purchase as the “gold standard” for assessing the effect of public policies. But the enthusiasm for evidence-based research overlooks questions about the reliability and applicability of experimental findings to diverse real-world settings. Perhaps surprisingly, a qualitative study of British educators suggests that they are aware of these limitations and therefore take evidence-based findings with a much larger grain of salt than do policy makers. Their experience suggests that the real world is more heterogeneous than the world imagined by evidence-based policy enthusiasts.

Keywords:behavioral economics, education policy, evidence-based policy, meta-analysis, nudge, nudging, systematic review
Subjects:X Education > X320 Academic studies in Primary Education
X Education > X330 Academic studies in Secondary Education
L Social studies > L210 Political Theories
L Social studies > L430 Public Policy
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
ID Code:36230
Deposited On:19 Jun 2019 08:36

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