Alternatives to Custody: Evidence from Police Force Areas in England and Wales

Abramovaite, Juste and Bandyopadhyay, Siddhartha and Bhattacharya, Samrat and Cowen, Nicholas (2019) Alternatives to Custody: Evidence from Police Force Areas in England and Wales. The British Journal of Criminology, 59 (4). pp. 800-822. ISSN 0007-0955

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azy056

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Abstract

England and Wales have some of the highest incarceration rates in the developed world. Recent policy reforms have focused on developing alternatives to custody that offer credible protection for the public, and justice for victims of crime. This article uses unique detailed panel-level data acquired from the Ministry of Justice for all Police Force Areas from 2002 to 2013 in England and Wales to analyse the effects of custodial and non-custodial sentences on recorded crime. Our results suggest that non-custodial sentences can be an effective alternative to custody at reducing property crime but their effect is less consistent for violent crime. This suggests that non-custodial sentences are credible, cost-effective substitutes to incarceration.

Keywords:panel data, incarceration, community sentences, sentencing policy, violent crime, property crime
Subjects:L Social studies > L110 Applied Economics
M Law > M211 Criminal Law
L Social studies > L430 Public Policy
L Social studies > L410 UK Social Policy
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
ID Code:36229
Deposited On:19 Jun 2019 09:04

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