Visual short-term memory for coherent motion in video game players: evidence from a memory-masking paradigm

Pavan, Andrea and Hobaek, Martine and Blurton, Steven P. and Contillo, Adriano and Ghin, Filippo and Greenlee, Mark W. (2019) Visual short-term memory for coherent motion in video game players: evidence from a memory-masking paradigm. Scientific Reports, 9 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42593-0

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Visual short-term memory for coherent motion in video game players: evidence from a memory-masking paradigm
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Abstract

In this study, we investigated visual short-term memory for coherent motion in action video game players (AVGPs), non-action video game players (NAVGPs), and non-gamers (control group: CONs). Participants performed a visual memory-masking paradigm previously used with macaque monkeys and humans. In particular, we tested whether video game players form a more robust visual short-term memory trace for coherent moving stimuli during the encoding phase, and whether such memory traces are less affected by an intervening masking stimulus presented 0.2 s after the offset of the to-be-remembered sample. The results showed that task performance of all groups was affected by the masking stimulus, but video game players were affected to a lesser extent than controls. Modelling of performance values and reaction times revealed that video game players have a lower guessing rate than CONs, and higher drift rates than CONs, indicative of more efficient perceptual decisions. These results suggest that video game players exhibit a more robust VSTM trace for moving objects and this trace is less prone to external interference.

Keywords:Visual short-term memory, Coherent motion, Action video games, Non-action video games, Memory-masking paradigm
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C810 Applied Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:35763
Deposited On:26 Apr 2019 07:48

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