The origins of a public voice for marginalised workers in French India, 1935-37

Chapman, Jane (2010) The origins of a public voice for marginalised workers in French India, 1935-37. Web Journal of French Media Studies (WJFMS), 8 . ISSN 1460-6550

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Abstract

This article examines how far indigenous communications contributed towards the origins of anti-colonialism in French India, as an empowering voice. They are seen as an example of a politicising move from private to public sphere via print communications. The years 1935-7 reveal a saga of severe economic exploitation, violence and political struggle - a trajectory of social conflict in the public sphere. Local archives, including print publications such as the workers’ Tamil paper Swandanthiram are used as a prism for the analysis of a forgotten episode in the history of a neglected corner of French empire. This article traces the development of the workers’ public voice and characterises this as a form of advocacy journalism, compatible with John Downing’s categorisation of ‘lateral’ and ‘vertical’ campaigning in ‘radical alternative’ publications (1984; 2001,p.x). The way that the move from private to public spheres happened, it is argued, reflects the roots of anti-colonialism communication - at a time when the Left in France was more receptive to anti-fascism as a campaigning tool.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:press, protest, Subbiah, textile strikes, Freedom Movement, Nehru, Gandhi, French India, Pondicherry, newspaper censorship, low wages, nationalism, private and public spheres, Godart, Downing
Subjects:L Social studies > L321 Women's Studies
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V200 History by area
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P590 Journalism not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V320 Social History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V390 History by Topic not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V310 Economic History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P400 Publishing
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R130 French Society and Culture
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V240 Asian History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V146 Modern History 1920-1949
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V900 Others in Historical and Philosophical studies
L Social studies > L210 Political Theories
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P900 Others in Mass Communications and Documentation
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P305 Paper-based Media studies
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P390 Media studies not elsewhere classified
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R190 French studies not elsewhere classified
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P500 Journalism
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V100 History by period
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P290 Publicity studies not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V271 International History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P990 Mass Communications and Documentation not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V243 South East Asian History
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R120 French Literature
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P510 Factual Reporting
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V147 Modern History 1950-1999
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V210 British History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P300 Media studies
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V242 Indian History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P100 Information Services
L Social studies > L222 Democracy
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V300 History by topic
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V140 Modern History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P490 Publishing not elsewhere classified
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R100 French studies
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V221 French History
Divisions:College of Arts > Lincoln School of Journalism
ID Code:3555
Deposited By: Jane Chapman
Deposited On:31 Oct 2010 15:51
Last Modified:11 Aug 2014 17:32

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