An integrative and functional framework for the study of animal emotion and mood

Mendl, Michael and Burman, Oliver and Paul, Elizabeth (2010) An integrative and functional framework for the study of animal emotion and mood. Proceedings of the Royal Society: Series B, 277 (1696). pp. 2895-2904. ISSN 0962-8452

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An integrative and functional framework for the study of animal emotion and mood
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.0303

Abstract

A better understanding of animal emotion is an important goal in disciplines ranging from neuroscience
to animal welfare science. The conscious experience of emotion cannot be assessed directly, but neural,
behavioural and physiological indicators of emotion can be measured. Researchers have used these
measures to characterize how animals respond to situations assumed to induce discrete emotional
states (e.g. fear). While advancing our understanding of specific emotions, this discrete emotion approach
lacks an overarching framework that can incorporate and integrate the wide range of possible emotional
states. Dimensional approaches that conceptualize emotions in terms of universal core affective characteristics
(e.g. valence (positivity versus negativity) and arousal) can provide such a framework. Here, we
bring together discrete and dimensional approaches to: (i) offer a structure for integrating different discrete
emotions that provides a functional perspective on the adaptive value of emotional states, (ii) suggest
how long-term mood states arise from short-term discrete emotions, how they also influence these discrete
emotions through a bi-directional relationship and how they may function to guide decision-making, and
(iii) generate novel hypothesis-driven measures of animal emotion and mood.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Emotion, Mood, Core affect, Cognition, Decision-making
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C120 Behavioural Biology
D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D328 Animal Welfare
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:3511
Deposited By: Oliver Burman
Deposited On:22 Oct 2010 08:56
Last Modified:04 Dec 2013 15:06

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