Soil chemistry aspects of predicting future phosphorus requirements in Sub-Saharan Africa

Magnone, Daniel and Joekar-Niasar, Vahid and Bouwman, Alexander F. and Beusen, Arthur H. W. and van der Zee, Sjoerd E. A. T. M. and Sattari, Sheida Z. (2019) Soil chemistry aspects of predicting future phosphorus requirements in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems . ISSN 1942-2466

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1029/2018MS001367

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Soil chemistry aspects of predicting future phosphorus requirements in Sub-Saharan Africa
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Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is a finite resource and critical to plant growth and therefore food security. Regional‐ and continental‐scale studies propose how much P would be required to feed the world by 2050. These indicate that sub‐Saharan Africa soils have the highest soil P deficit globally. However, the spatial heterogeneity of the P deficit caused by heterogeneous soil chemistry in the continental scale has never been addressed. We provide a combination of a broadly adopted P‐sorption model that is integrated into a highly influential, large‐scale soil phosphorus cycling model. As a result, we show significant differences between the model outputs in both the soil‐P concentrations and total P required to produce future crops for the same predicted scenarios. These results indicate the importance of soil chemistry for soil‐nutrient modelling and highlight that previous influential studies may have overestimated P required. This is particularly the case in Somalia where conventional modelling predicts twice as much P required to 2050 as our new proposed model.

Plain language summary
Improving food security in Sub‐Saharan Africa over the coming decades requires a dramatic increase in agricultural yields. Global yield increase has been driven by, amongst other factors, the widespread use of fertilisers including phosphorus. The use of fertilisers in Sub‐Saharan Africa is often prohibitively expensive and thus the most efficient use of phosphorus should be targeted. Soil chemistry largely controls phosphorus efficiency in agriculture, for example iron and aluminium which exist naturally in soil reduce the availability of phosphate to plants. Yet soil chemistry has not been included in several influential large‐scale modelling studies which estimate phosphorus requirements in Sub‐Saharan Africa to 2050. In this study we show that predictions of phosphorus requirement to feed the population of Sub‐Saharan Africa to 2050 can significantly change if soil chemistry is included (e.g. Somalia with up to 50% difference). Our findings are a new step towards making predictive decision‐making tool for phosphorus fertiliser management in Sub‐Saharan Africa considering the variability of soil chemistry.

Keywords:Soil, Phosphorus, Food security, Sub-Saharan Africa
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F850 Environmental Sciences
F Physical Sciences > F670 Geochemistry
F Physical Sciences > F870 Soil Science
F Physical Sciences > F810 Environmental Geography
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:34676
Deposited On:22 Feb 2019 09:36

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