Comparing Journalism Cultures in Britain and Germany: Confrontation, Contextualization, Conformity

Henkel, Imke and Thurman, Neil and Deffner, Veronika (2019) Comparing Journalism Cultures in Britain and Germany: Confrontation, Contextualization, Conformity. Journalism Studies . ISSN 1461-670X

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2018.1551067

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Comparing Journalism Cultures in Britain and Germany: Confrontation, Contextualization, Conformity
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Abstract

Many British newspapers proclaim strongly partisan political and moral positions, with headlines such as “Get Britain out of the EU.” In contrast, German newspapers, during national events such as the refugee crisis, often take on the role of reflective observers. Previous comparative research has shown a link between journalists’ output and professional attitudes. Using data from the Worlds of Journalism Study, this article analyses the professional attitudes of British and German journalists (N=1475) across three constituents of journalism culture: societal, epistemological, and ethical. Our analysis shows significant differences in all three constituents. We conclude that British journalists conceive of their professional role as more confrontational to those in power than their German colleagues. We also find some evidence that German journalists believe it more important to provide context and analysis – aiming to assist audiences in their civic roles – and that they are more likely to conform to professional codes, although only in general terms. Our findings contradict some earlier comparative studies that claimed a more passive role for British journalists. Our findings may also hold interest for others engaged in international comparative research, showing how the two-country comparison can identify, and account for, what is hidden in multi-country research designs.

Keywords:British and German, comparative, journalism’s role in society, journalists, professional attitudes, role conception, Worlds of Journalism Study
Subjects:P Mass Communications and Documentation > P500 Journalism
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P300 Media studies
Divisions:College of Arts > School of English & Journalism > School of English & Journalism (Journalism)
ID Code:34499
Deposited On:28 Jan 2019 16:21

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