Monkeypox - Enhancing Public Health Preparedness for an Emerging Lethal Human Zoonotic Epidemic Threat in the Wake of the Smallpox Post-Eradication Era

Petersen, Eskild and Abubakar, Ibrahim and Ihekweazu, Chikwe and Heymann, David and Ntoumi, Francine and Blumberg, Lucille and Asogun, Danny and Mukonka, Victor and Lule, Swaib Abubaker and Bates, Matthew and Honeyborne, Isobella and Mfinanga, Sayoki and Mwaba, Peter and Dar, Osman and Vairo, Francesco and Mukhtar, Maowia and Kock, Richard and McHugh, Tim and Ippolito, Giuseppe and Zumla, Alimuddin (2019) Monkeypox - Enhancing Public Health Preparedness for an Emerging Lethal Human Zoonotic Epidemic Threat in the Wake of the Smallpox Post-Eradication Era. International Journal of Infectious Diseaseslication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases, 78 . pp. 78-84. ISSN 1201-9712

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.11.008

Documents
Monkeypox - Enhancing Public Health Preparedness for an Emerging Lethal Human Zoonotic Epidemic Threat in the Wake of the Smallpox Post-Eradication Era
[img]
[Download]
[img] PDF
__network.uni_staff_S2_mbates_Research_Papers_Petersen et al... IJID 2018.pdf - Whole Document
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International.

470kB
Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The identification of monkeypox in 3 separate patients in the United Kingdom in September raised media and political attention on an emerging public health threat. Nigeria, whose last confirmed case of monkeypox was in 1978, is currently experiencing an unusually large and outbreak of human monkeypox cases, a ‘One Human-Environmental-Animal Health’ approach is being effectively used to define and tackle the outbreak. As of 13th October 2018, there have been one hundred and sixteen confirmed cases the majority of whom are under 40 years. Over the past 20 years ten Central and West African countries have reported monkeypox cases which have risen exponentially. We review the history and evolution of monkeypox outbreaks in Africa and USA, the changing clinical presentations, and discuss possible factors underlying the increasing numbers being detected including the cessation of smallpox vaccination programs. Major knowledge gaps remain on the epidemiology, host reservoir, and emergence, transmission, pathogenesis and prevention of monkeypoz.

Keywords:monkey pox, emerging infections, disease control
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
Related URLs:
ID Code:34284
Deposited On:10 Jan 2019 14:26

Repository Staff Only: item control page