Effects of forest conversions to oil palm plantations on freshwater macroinvertebrates: a case study from Sarawak, Malaysia

Mercer, Edwina and Mercer, Theresa and Sayok, Alexander (2014) Effects of forest conversions to oil palm plantations on freshwater macroinvertebrates: a case study from Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Land Use Science, 9 (3). pp. 260-277. ISSN 1747-423X

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/1747423X.2013.786149

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Abstract

Oil palm plantations in Malaysia are expanding rapidly due to global oil and biofuel demand. This is of particular concern, as the conversion process of forested land to oil palm plantations and the maintenance of a plantation can significantly alter freshwater ecosystems. This is a result of the initial loss of a forested catchment, particularly the riparian vegetation, changes to the bed and banks of streams, sedimentation and changes to detrital inputs. In addition, various chemicals used on the plantations leach into the nearest waterways and can potentially affect freshwater macroinvertebrates. In the Malaysian region, these are largely endemic and generally incompletely known. This study assesses the impact of oil palm plantations on stream macroinvertebrates by comparing four steams flowing through undisturbed rainforest and four streams flowing through oil palm plantations in Sarawak, Malaysia. Freshwater macroinvertebrates were sampled using the standard three-minute kick sample method with accompanying chemical measurements. Although there were no distinct differences between the control and oil palm streams in the chemical data, the invertebrate communities provided a different interpretation of stream quality. Invertebrates were more abundant, species rich and diverse in rainforest streams than in oil palm ones. Most noticeably, two whole orders of insecta, Coleoptera (beetles) and Hemiptera (true bugs), were absent from the oil palm streams. This may be the result of the disappearance of natural bank habitats, the sensitivity to the pesticides targeted at the Rhinocerous beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros), or a combination of both.

Keywords:community response, deforestation, forest cover, freshwater ecosystem, habitat loss, land use change, macroinvertebrate, plantation, pollution effect, riparian vegetation, species diversity, species richness, East Malaysia, Malaysia, Sarawak, Coleoptera, Elaeis, Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Hexapoda, Insecta, Invertebrata, Oryctes rhinoceros
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F850 Environmental Sciences
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:34047
Deposited On:23 Nov 2018 11:47

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