Evaluating People-related Resilience and Non-Resilience Barriers of SMEs’ Internationalisation: A developing country perspective

Rahman, Mahfuzur and Mendy, John (2018) Evaluating People-related Resilience and Non-Resilience Barriers of SMEs’ Internationalisation: A developing country perspective. International Journal of Organizational Analysis . ISSN 1934-8835

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-02-2018-1361

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Evaluating People-related Resilience and Non-Resilience Barriers of SMEs’ Internationalisation: A developing country perspective

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Abstract

Purpose- People-related factors are very significant barriers for the internationalisation of large and small firms. Although the literature has identified a number of steps that SMEs need to take to increase their resilience in international markets, a study that identifies both the resilience and non-resilience barriers for SME internationalisation has not been undertaken in the scientific fields Human Resource Management and International Business. We examine the theoretical frameworks in the area, including Gunasekaran et al. In addition to the resilience literature we examine non-resilience and combine its characteristics with resilience barriers from the Bangladeshi context.
Design/methodology/approach -Quantitative data analysis technique is used in this study to identify the impacts of these resilience/non-resilience issues internationalisation of SMEs both from micro and macro levels. This study has used primary data collected through the questionnaires from 212 Bangladeshi SMEs. Based on the data, this study has developed and validated partial least square based structural equation model (PLS-SEM) to assess the impacts of resilience factors on the internationalisation of SMEs with particular attention to entrepreneurial attractiveness.
Findings- It has successfully framed resilience Vs non-resilience barriers of the internationalisation of SMEs as a second order hierarchical reflective model and found that internationalisation of SMEs is significantly influenced by the resilience factors where language and related socio-cultural issues are marginally more significant.
Research limitations- A couple of limitations include the following. Firstly concentrating on resilience and non-resilience serves as a limitation as we could have had resilience vs other categories such political, economic, legal, technological barriers. Secondly, we have mainly used cross-sectional data by using the survey method. This study could have been better served had we also tried to combine the use of qualitative analysis as attempted elsewhere.
Practical Implications- Practically, this study researched in an area which was neglected and under-reported by existing studies. Its exploration showed that it has potential to contribute significantly to the policy makers and implementers as it comprises SMEs and emerging countries. It has been noted in the literature that these economies and firms are less capable to conduct research independently as they are resource-constrained.
Social Implications- The results reveal that resilience and non-resilience related barriers are both significant to SMEs internationalisation. However, if policy makers were to give priority to any one of these, they should give marginally more priority to resilience-type barriers compared to the non-resilience barriers to internationalisation.
Originality/value- To date, studies on resilience have concentrated on identifying challenges faced by firms and what types of behaviours are required by individual members so as to enhance survival. However, there are no studies so far on identifying or even modelling both resilience and non-resilience barriers within the context of SMEs internationalisation in developing countries. This study combines resilience and non-resilience factors in a model to find out their contribution especially in the under explored area of non-resilience from a Bangladeshi contextual perspective that seeks to encourage international entrepreneurship.
Keywords: Enablers, SMEs, resilience, non-resilience, emerging economies, internationalisation

Keywords:Enablers, SMEs, Resilience, Emerging Economies, Non-resilience, Internationalisation
Subjects:N Business and Administrative studies > N215 Organisational Development
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
ID Code:33830
Deposited On:19 Oct 2018 11:31

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