The Effect of Lowering the Legal Drink-Drive Limit on the Toxicological Findings in Driver Fatalities: A Comparison of Two Jurisdictions,

Hamnett, Hilary and Poulsen, Helen (2018) The Effect of Lowering the Legal Drink-Drive Limit on the Toxicological Findings in Driver Fatalities: A Comparison of Two Jurisdictions,. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 63 (5). pp. 1457-1465. ISSN 1556-4029

Full content URL: http://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13747

Documents
The Effect of Lowering the Legal Drink-Drive Limit on the Toxicological Findings in Driver Fatalities: A Comparison of Two Jurisdictions
[img]
[Download]
[img] Microsoft Word
Hamnett - The effect of lowering....docx - Whole Document
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International.

103kB
Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

In December 2014, the legal blood alcohol limit for drivers in both Scotland and New Zealand was reduced from 80 to
50 mg/100 mL. This paper reports a retrospective study comparing changes in the toxicological findings in deceased drivers and motorcyclists before and after the limit change in both jurisdictions. A year of fatal motor vehicle crashes prior to and following the limit change is examined for both countries. In Scotland, there was an increase in drug prevalence among fatally injured drivers and motorcyclists, with the use of all drug groups increasing after the limit change, with the exception of cannabinoids. In New Zealand, there was a reduction in cases involving drugs only, but increases in the numbers of deceased drivers and motorcyclists positive for alcohol only and co-using alcohol and drugs.

Additional Information:The final published version of this article can be accessed online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1556-4029.13747
Keywords:forensic science, drink-drive limit, fatality, drug driving, motor vehicle crash, road traffic accident
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F410 Forensic Science
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
ID Code:33713
Deposited On:18 Oct 2018 13:05

Repository Staff Only: item control page