Characterising the time-course of microvascular vasodilator responses in humans using laser doppler fluximetry and iontophoresis

Klonizakis, Markos and Lingam, Krishna and Manning, Gillian and Donnelly, Richard (2011) Characterising the time-course of microvascular vasodilator responses in humans using laser doppler fluximetry and iontophoresis. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, 63 (1). pp. 115-118. ISSN 1056-8719

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Characterising the time-course of microvascular vasodilator responses in humans using laser doppler fluximetry and iontophoresis
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Full text URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vascn.2010.07.001

Abstract

Introduction: Laser Doppler Fluximetry (LDF) and iontophoresis of vasodilators have been combined to assess microvascular flow and vasodilator reactivity in humans for many years and their use established. However, traditional data analysis methods measure the magnitude of flux change but not its time-course, a factor that may be of importance in defining vascular health. The aim of this study was to develop and utilise a novel data analysis method using a standardised LDF and iontophoresis protocol, assessing time to peak vasodilation (Tmax).
Methods: Endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilator responses (using acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside respectively) were measured in the perimalleolar region both supine and standing in patients with isolated superficial venous insufficiency (ISVI) (n=24) and controls (n=20), on two occasions. Tmax was measured at each post-iontophoretic period.
Results: Tmax was slower while
standing and in patients with ISVI. There was no statistical difference in Tmax between visits for both groups(p<0.05), with coefficients of variation being between 20.2%–25.4%. ISVI, position and vasodilatory agents
were significant determinants of Tmax.
Discussion: Tmax appears to be a reproducible method of assessing venous vasodilation, is not affected by the dose and is impaired in patients with of ISVI in both the supine and standing positions.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Introduction: Laser Doppler Fluximetry (LDF) and iontophoresis of vasodilators have been combined to assess microvascular flow and vasodilator reactivity in humans for many years and their use established. However, traditional data analysis methods measure the magnitude of flux change but not its time-course, a factor that may be of importance in defining vascular health. The aim of this study was to develop and utilise a novel data analysis method using a standardised LDF and iontophoresis protocol, assessing time to peak vasodilation (Tmax). Methods: Endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilator responses (using acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside respectively) were measured in the perimalleolar region both supine and standing in patients with isolated superficial venous insufficiency (ISVI) (n=24) and controls (n=20), on two occasions. Tmax was measured at each post-iontophoretic period. Results: Tmax was slower while standing and in patients with ISVI. There was no statistical difference in Tmax between visits for both groups(p<0.05), with coefficients of variation being between 20.2%–25.4%. ISVI, position and vasodilatory agents were significant determinants of Tmax. Discussion: Tmax appears to be a reproducible method of assessing venous vasodilation, is not affected by the dose and is impaired in patients with of ISVI in both the supine and standing positions.
Keywords:microcirculation, LDF, Time to Maximum Perfusion, ISVI, venous disease
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
ID Code:3364
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:18 Sep 2010 09:49
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 08:47

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