Inter-professional Education (IPE) and professional identity: Can students’ reflective writings measure professional development?

Keeler, Marianne L and Brennan, Mark L and Mosley, Penny and Murdock, Nicole and Ahmadi, Keivan (2018) Inter-professional Education (IPE) and professional identity: Can students’ reflective writings measure professional development? Pharmacy Education, 18 (1). pp. 234-235. ISSN 1477-2701

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Abstract

Background: In recent years, healthcare educators have increasingly embraced the use of reflective writing to assess interpersonal and professional development among healthcare students (Charon et al., 2016). Interprofessional education (IPE) is a key catalyst for professional development. Moreover, there is a significant
association between professional development and reflective ability (Hoffman et al., 2016). Thus, the main
aim of our research was to investigate if M.Pharm. students’ reflective essays following IPE activities could
provide information on students’ professional development?
Method: IPE-related reflective essays had been graded for a different assessment. We chose the essays from all range of grades to ensure they were representative of each cohort. Manual qualitative analysis of an anonymised sample of 35 M.Pharm. students’ IPE-related reflective essays (7 Year 1, 14 Year 2, 14 Year 3) was undertaken
for evidence of:
1. Understanding of the purpose and professional
application of the IPE activities
2. Reflecting on own practice
3. Setting targets to develop own professionalism
4. Critiquing mainly focused on the activities, rather than their own practice Each category carried one point. We referred to the 2017 Standards for Pharmacy Professionals, General Pharmaceutical Council (GPhC), as the reference criteria to extract themes from students’ reflective essays. Themes were coded according to the nine GPhC Professional Standards. Each essay was then scored by the researchers from 0 - 3 for each theme.
Results: Year 1 and Year 2 scored equally (33%) for Theme 3 ‘communicate effectively’, whilst Year 3 essays scored 80%. Thirty six percent of Year 3 essays referred to demonstrating ‘leadership skills’, compared to 21% of Year 2 and 0% of Year 1.
Conclusion: Themes such as communication and teamwork featured across all three cohorts, suggesting IPE activities have inherent benefits from the outset. However, leadership did not appear in any Year 1 essays, but featured significantly by Year 3, which suggests some professional skills develop more gradually than others.

Keywords:Interprofessional Education, Professionalism, Reflective writing, Measurement
Subjects:X Education > X900 Others in Education
X Education > X990 Education not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Science > School of Pharmacy
ID Code:33299
Deposited On:31 Oct 2018 14:34

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