How do mentally tough athletes overcome self-directed anger, shame, and criticism? A self-forgiveness mediation analysis

Cowden, Richard and Crust, Lee and Joynt, Shaun and Hook, Joshua and Worthington, Everett (2018) How do mentally tough athletes overcome self-directed anger, shame, and criticism? A self-forgiveness mediation analysis. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 49 . pp. 327-348. ISSN 0047-0767

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How do mentally tough athletes overcome self-directed anger, shame, and criticism? A self-forgiveness mediation analysis
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Abstract

In this study, we examined associations among mental toughness, negative emotions and cognition, and self-forgiveness. A sample of 343 competitive tennis players (Mage = 17.56, SD = 2.37) completed questionnaires measuring their tendency to experience shame, anger, and criticism towards themselves, along with mental toughness and self-forgivingness. Mental toughness correlated negatively with self-oriented shame, anger, and criticism, and positively with self-forgivingness. The effect of mental toughness on both shame and anger towards the self was fully mediated by self-forgiveness, whereas self-forgiveness partially mediated the effect for self-criticism. The findings support the role of self-forgiveness as a mediator in reducing or eliminating self-condemning, resentful, and devaluing responses that athletes direct towards themselves. Developers of mental toughness interventions might consider incorporating a self-forgiveness component to help athletes who make mistakes, underperform, or experience defeats.

Keywords:Resilience, Sport Psychology
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
ID Code:33278
Deposited On:22 Oct 2018 13:23

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