High-performance work system and employee performance: the mediating roles of social exchange and thriving and the moderating effect of employee proactive personality

Zhang, J. and Bal, Matthijs and Akhtar, M.N. and Long, L. and Zhang, Y. and Ma, Z. (2018) High-performance work system and employee performance: the mediating roles of social exchange and thriving and the moderating effect of employee proactive personality. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources . ISSN 1744-7941

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High-performance work system and employee performance: the mediating roles of social exchange and thriving and the moderating effect of employee proactive personality

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Abstract

Research on high-performance work system (HPWS) has primarily drawn from social exchange theory and human capital theory to unlock the underlying mechanisms in relation to employee performance. In addition to social exchange theory and human capital theory, a personal resources perspective can also be used to explain the effects of HPWS. In this cross-level research, we examined the mediating roles of social exchange and thriving, and the moderating role of proactive personality in the relationships between HPWS and task performance and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) by analyzing a sample of 391 employees and 84 supervisors from 21 firms in China. Using multilevel analyses, social exchange and thriving were found to mediate the effects of HPWS on employee task performance and OCB. Furthermore, proactive personality attenuated HPWS’s direct effect on thriving and indirect effects on employee task performance and OCB through thriving. Finally, we discuss theoretical contributions, and practical implications of the study, as well as future research directions.

Additional Information:The final published version of this article can be accessed online at http://www.sagepub.co.uk/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201639
Keywords:HPWS, High performance work system, Social exchange
Subjects:N Business and Administrative studies > N200 Management studies
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
ID Code:33213
Deposited On:31 Oct 2018 15:15

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